Blueprint
 
 
 

 
UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549 
 
FORM 10-K
 
(Mark One)
 
            
ANNUAL REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
 
For the fiscal year ended December 31, 2018
or
 
 
TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
 
For the transition period from              to             
 
Commission File Number 1-34761 
 
             
AutoWeb, Inc.
(Exact Name of Registrant as Specified in Its Charter)
 
 
 
Delaware
 
33-0711569
(State or other jurisdiction of
incorporation or organization)
 
(I.R.S. Employer Identification No.)
 
18872 MacArthur Boulevard, Suite 200
Irvine, California 92612-1400
(Address of principal executive offices) (Zip Code)
 
Registrant’s telephone number, including area code (949) 225-4500
 
 Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
 
 
 
Title of each class
 
Name of each exchange on which registered
Common Stock, par value $0.001 per share
 
The Nasdaq Capital Market
 
 
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(g) of the Act: None
 
Indicate by check mark if the registrant is a well-known seasoned issuer, as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act.    Yes      No  
 
Indicate by check mark if the registrant is not required to file reports pursuant to Section 13 or Section 15(d) of the Act.    Yes      No  
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant: (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.    Yes      No  
 
 
 
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (section 232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files).     Yes     No  
 
Indicate by check mark if disclosure of delinquent filers pursuant to Item 405 of Regulation S-K (section 229.405 of this chapter) is not contained herein, and will not be contained, to the best of registrant’s knowledge, in definitive proxy or information statements incorporated by reference in Part III of this Form 10-K or any amendment to this Form 10-K. 
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company, or emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer” and “smaller reporting company,” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
 
Large accelerated filer
Accelerated filer
Non-accelerated filer
Smaller reporting company
 
 
 
 Emerging growth company
 
If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.  
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Act).    Yes      No  
 
Based on the closing sale price of $4.52 for our common stock on The Nasdaq Capital Market on June 30, 2018, the aggregate market value of outstanding shares of common stock held by non-affiliates was approximately $44 million.
 
As of March 5, 2019, 12,985,950, shares of our common stock were outstanding.
 
Documents Incorporated by Reference
 
Portions of our Definitive Proxy Statement for the 2019 Annual Meeting, expected to be filed within 120 days of our fiscal year end, are incorporated by reference into Part III of this Annual Report on Form 10-K.
 
 

 
 
 
 
 
AutoWeb, Inc.
 
ANNUAL REPORT ON FORM 10-K
FOR THE FISCAL YEAR ENDED DECEMBER 31, 2018
 
 
 
 
Page
Number
Part I
 
 
 
 
 
4
 
10
 
20
 
20
 
20
 
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Part II
 
 
 
 
 
21
 
21
 
21
 
29
 
29
 
29
 
29
 
31
 
Part III
 
 
 
 
 
31
 
31
 
31
 
31
 
31
 
Part IV
 
 
 
 
 
32
 
39
 
 
40
 
 
 
FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS
 
The Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”) encourages companies to disclose forward-looking information so that investors can better understand a company’s future prospects and make informed investment decisions. This Annual Report on Form 10-K and our proxy statement, parts of which are incorporated herein by reference, contain such forward-looking statements within the meaning of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. Words such as “anticipates,” “could,” “may,” “estimates,” “expects,” “projects,” “intends,” “pending,” “plans,” “believes,” “will” and words of similar substance, or the negative of those words, used in connection with any discussion of future operations or financial performance identify forward-looking statements. In particular, statements regarding expectations and opportunities, new product expectations and capabilities, and our outlook regarding our performance and growth are forward-looking statements. This Annual Report on Form 10-K also contains statements regarding plans, goals and objectives. There is no assurance that we will be able to carry out our plans or achieve our goals and objectives or that we will be able to do so successfully on a profitable basis. These forward-looking statements are just predictions and involve risks and uncertainties, many of which are beyond our control, and actual results may differ materially from these statements. Factors that could cause actual results to differ materially from those reflected in forward-looking statements include but are not limited to, those discussed in “Item 1A. Risk Factors,” and “Item 7. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations.” Investors are urged not to place undue reliance on forward-looking statements. Forward-looking statements speak only as of the date on which they were made. Except as may be required by law, we do not undertake any obligation, and expressly disclaim any obligation, to update or alter any forward-looking statements, whether as a result of new information, future events or otherwise. All forward-looking statements contained herein are qualified in their entirety by the foregoing cautionary statements.
 
 
 
-ii-
 
 
 
PART I
Item 1.
Business
 
AutoWeb, Inc. was incorporated on May 17, 1996, under the laws of the State of Delaware. Unless specified otherwise, as used in this Annual Report on Form 10-K, the terms “we,” “us,” “our,” the “Company” or “AutoWeb” refer to AutoWeb, Inc. and its subsidiaries.
 
Available Information
 
Our corporate website is located at www.autoweb.com. Information on our website is not incorporated by reference in this Annual Report on Form 10-K. At or through the Investor Relations section of our website we make available our annual reports on Form 10-K, quarterly reports on Form 10-Q, current reports on Form 8-K and other filings with the Securities and Exchange Commission.
 
Overview
 
We are a digital marketing company for the automotive industry that assists automotive retail dealers (“Dealers”) and automotive manufacturers (“Manufacturers”) market and sell new and used vehicles to consumers through our programs for online lead and traffic referrals, Dealer marketing products and services, online advertising and mobile products.
 
Our consumer-facing automotive websites (“Company Websites”) provide consumers with information and tools to aid them with their automotive purchase decisions and the ability to submit inquiries requesting Dealers to contact the consumers regarding purchasing or leasing vehicles (“Leads”). Leads are internally-generated from our Company Websites (“Internally-Generated Leads”) or acquired from third parties (“Non-Internally-Generated Leads”) that generate Leads from their websites (“Non-Company Websites”). Our click traffic referral program provides consumers who are shopping for vehicles online with targeted offers based on make, model and geographic location. As these consumers conduct online research on our Company Websites or on the site of one of our network of automotive publishers, they are presented with relevant offers on a timely basis and, upon the consumer clicking on the displayed advertisement, are sent to the appropriate website location of one of our Dealer, Manufacturer or advertising customers.
   
 
 Products and Services
 
We sell Internally-Generated Leads and Non-Internally-Generated Leads directly to Dealers and indirectly to Dealers through a wholesale market consisting of Manufacturers and other third parties in the automotive Lead distribution industry.  The click traffic program links consumers to Dealers and Manufacturer websites when the consumers click on advertisements on Company Websites as well as websites operated by third parties that have contracted with the Company as publishers under the click traffic program. In addition to our Leads and click traffic programs, we also offer Dealers and Manufacturers other products and services, including WebLeads+ and Payment Pro®, to assist them in capturing online, in-market customers and selling more vehicles by improving conversion of Leads to sale transactions.
 
Lead Programs
 
We provide Dealers and Manufacturers with opportunities to market their vehicles efficiently to potential vehicle buyers.  Dealers participate in our Lead programs, and Manufacturers participate in our Lead programs, our display advertising programs and our direct marketing programs, reaching consumers who are in the market to acquire a vehicle.  For consumers, we provide, at no cost to the consumer, an easy way to obtain valuable information to assist them in their vehicle shopping process. Leads may be submitted by consumers through our Company Websites or through Non-Company Websites. For consumers using our Company Websites, we provide research information, including vehicle specification data, safety data, pricing data, photos, videos, regional rebate and incentive data, and additional tools, such as the compare and configuration tools, to assist them in this process.  We also provide additional content on our Company Websites, including our database of articles, such as consumer and professional reviews, and other analyses.  Additional automotive information is also available on our Company Websites to assist consumers with specific vehicle research, such as the trade-in value of their current vehicle.
 
New Vehicle Leads Program. Our Leads program for new vehicles allows consumers to submit requests for pricing and availability of specific makes and models.  A new vehicle Lead provides a Dealer with information regarding the make and model of a vehicle in which the consumer is interested, and may also include additional data regarding the consumer’s needs, including any vehicle trade-in, whether the consumer wishes to lease or buy, and other options that are important to the vehicle acquisition decision. A Lead will usually also include the consumer’s name, phone number and email address and may include a postal address.
 
Dealers participating in our new vehicle Leads program are provided with iControl by AutoWeb, our proprietary technology that allows Dealers many options to filter and control the volume and source of their Leads. iControl by AutoWeb can be controlled at the dealership (or by a representative of AutoWeb on behalf of the dealership), at the Dealer group level from a web-based, easy-to-use console that makes it quick and simple for dealerships to change their Lead acquisition strategy to adjust for inventory conditions at their dealerships and broader industry patterns (such as changes in gas prices or changes in consumer demand). From the console, dealerships can easily contract or expand territories and increase, restrict or block specific models and Lead web sources, making it much easier to target inventory challenges and focus marketing resources more efficiently.
 
Our Leads are subject to quality verification that is designed to maintain the high-quality of our Leads and increase the Lead buy rates for our Lead customers. Quality verification includes the validation of name, phone number, email address and postal address. Our quality verification also involves proprietary systems as well as arrangements with third-party vendors specializing in customer validation. After a Lead has been subjected to quality verification, if we have placement coverage for the Lead within our own Dealer network, we send the Lead to Dealers that sell the type of vehicle requested in the consumer’s geographic area. We also send an email message to the consumer with the Dealer’s name and phone number, and if the Dealer has a dedicated internet manager, the name of that manager. Dealers contact the consumer with a price quote and availability information for the requested vehicle. In addition to sales of Leads directly to Dealers in our network, we also sell Leads wholesale to Manufacturers for delivery to their Dealers and to third parties that have placement coverage for the Lead with their own customers.
 
Dealers participate in our retail new vehicle Lead program by entering into contracts directly with us or through major Dealer groups. Generally, our Dealer contracts may be terminated by either party on 30 days’ notice and are non-exclusive. The majority of our retail new vehicle Lead revenues consists of either a monthly subscription or a per-Lead fee paid by Dealers in our network. We reserve the right to adjust our fees to Dealers upon 30 days’ prior notice at any time during the term of the contract. Manufacturers (directly or through their marketing agencies) and other third parties participate in our wholesale new vehicle Lead programs generally by entering into agreements where either party has the right to terminate upon prior notice, with the length of time for the notice varying by contract. Revenues from retail new vehicle Leads accounted for 18%, 19% and 22% of total revenues in 2018, 2017 and 2016, respectively. Revenues from wholesale Leads accounted for 52%, 46% and 46% of total revenues in 2018, 2017 and 2016, respectively.
 
Used Vehicle Leads Program. Our used vehicle Lead program allows consumers to search for used vehicles according to specific search parameters, such as the price, make, model, mileage, year and location of the vehicle. The consumer is able to locate and display the description, price and, if available, digital images of vehicles that satisfy the consumer’s search parameters.  The consumer can then submit a Lead for additional information regarding a vehicle that we then deliver to the Dealer offering the vehicle. In addition to sending Leads directly to Dealers through our Lead delivery system, consumers may choose to contact the Dealer using a toll free number posted next to the vehicle search results. We charge each Dealer that participates in the used Vehicle Leads program a monthly subscription or per Lead fee.  Revenues from used vehicle Leads accounted for 7%, 9% and 10% of total revenues in 2018, 2017 and 2016, respectively.
 
 
Other Dealer Products and Services
 
In addition to Leads and AutoWeb traffic programs, we also offer products and services that assist Dealers in connecting with in-market consumers and closing vehicle sales.
 
WebLeads+. Designed to work in connection with a Dealer’s participation in our Lead programs, WebLeads+ is a third-party product that offers a Dealer multiple coupon options that display relevant marketing messages to consumers visiting the Dealer’s website.  When a Dealer uses WebLeads+, consumers visiting the Dealer’s website are encouraged to take action in two ways.  First, while interacting with the Dealer website, a consumer is presented with a customized special offer formatted for easy Lead submission. If a vehicle quote is requested, the Lead goes directly into the dealership management tool so a salesperson can promptly address the customer’s questions.  Second, if the consumer leaves the Dealer’s website but remains online, the WebLeads+ product keeps the coupon active in a new browser, providing the Dealer a repeat branding opportunity and giving the consumer an easy way to re-engage with the Dealer’s website through submission of a Lead.  The additional Leads generated by the coupons are seamlessly integrated into our Extranet tool.

Payment Pro®.  Payment Pro® is a Dealer website conversion tool based on a third-party product that offers consumers real-time online monthly payment information based on an instant evaluation process.  The payments are based on the consumer’s credit, the actual vehicle being researched and the Dealer finance rates without requiring the consumer to provide personal information, such as date of birth or social security number. The Lead goes directly into the Dealer’s management tool so that a salesperson can promptly address the consumer’s inquiry.
  
Advertising Programs
 
Our Company Websites attract an audience of prospective automotive buyers that advertisers can target through display advertising. A primary way advertisers use our Company Websites to reach consumers is through vehicle content targetingThis allows automotive marketers to reach consumers while they are researching one of our automotive segments such as mini-vans or SUVs and offer Manufacturers sponsorship opportunities to assist in their efforts both in terms of customer retention and conquest strategies. Our Company Websites also offer Manufacturers the opportunity to feature their makes and models within highly contextual content. Through their advertising placements, Manufacturers can direct consumers to their respective websites for further information. We believe this transfer of focused, interested consumers to Manufacturer sites is the most significant action measured by Manufacturers in evaluating our performance and value for the Manufacturer’s marketing programs. Through our agreement with a third party, the third party sells our fixed placement advertising across our Company Websites to automotive advertisers. We also offer a direct marketing platform that enables Manufacturers to selectively target in-market consumers during the often-extended vehicle shopping process. Designed to keep a specific automotive brand in consideration, our direct marketing programs allow automotive marketers to deliver specific communication through either email or direct mail formats to in-market consumers during their purchase cycle.
 
 Our click traffic program is our pay-per-click advertising program. The click traffic program utilizes proprietary technology to offer consumers who are shopping targeted offers based on make, model and geographic location. As these consumers are conducting research on one of AutoWeb’s consumer facing websites or on the site of one of our network of automotive publishers, they are presented with relevant offers on a timely basis and, upon the consumer clicking on the displayed advertisement, are sent to the appropriate website location of one of our Dealer, Manufacturer or advertising customers. The AutoWeb network of publisher websites reaches and engages with millions of potential car buyers each month, and we believe it provides high-intent, high-quality traffic that Dealers and other customers cannot typically reach through their own marketing efforts. The click traffic program is flexible and in addition to driving traffic to a vehicle detail page, it can also send website traffic to new vehicle sales, service, used vehicles or to any other department where a customer wants to engage with in-market consumers. In addition, we believe that the click traffic program can be used to conquest competitive shoppers who are researching another brand more effectively than can typically be done using other search engines. Advertisers only pay for the clicks they receive, and are able to structure campaigns with flexible budgets and no long-term commitments in order to manage spend versus key performance indicators. Ongoing feedback from our customers is that this traffic provides highly targeted marketing opportunities and is a valuable tool to help Dealers sell more vehicles.
 
Advertising revenues, including direct marketing, accounted for 22%, 24% and 16% of total revenues in 2018, 2017 and 2016, respectively.
 
Strategy
 
Our goal is to garner a larger share of the billions of dollars spent annually by Dealers and Manufacturers on automotive marketing services.  We plan to achieve this objective through the following principal strategies:
 
 
Increasing The Supply of High-Quality Leads. High-quality Leads are those Leads that result in high transaction (i.e., vehicle acquisition) closing rates for our Dealer customers.  Internally-Generated Leads are generally higher quality than Non-Internally-Generated Leads and increase the overall quality of our Lead portfolio. Non-Internally-Generated Leads are of varying quality depending on the source of these Leads. We plan to increase the supply of high-quality Leads generated to sell to our customers primarily by:
 
Increasing traffic acquisition activities for our Company Websites. Traffic to our Company Websites is monetized primarily though the creation of Leads that are delivered to our Dealer or Manufacturer customers to help them market and sell new and used vehicles, and through the sale of advertising space on our Company Websites. We plan to increase the traffic to our Company Websites through effective search engine optimization (“SEO”) and search engine marketing (“SEM”) traffic acquisition activities and enhancements to our Company Websites. SEO is the practice of optimizing keywords in website content to drive traffic to a website through natural search, and SEM is the practice of bidding on keywords on search engines to drive traffic to a website
 
o SEO and SEM traffic acquisition activities. Traffic to our Company Websites is obtained through a variety of sources and methods, including direct navigation to our Company Websites, SEO, SEM, direct marketing and partnering with other website publishers that provide links to our websites.  Our goal is that over time, paid traffic such as SEM will be balanced by greater visitation from direct navigation and SEO, which we expect to result in increased Lead volumes and gross profit margins.
 
o Continuing to enhance the quality and user experience of our Company Websites.  We continuously make enhancements to our Company Websites, including enhancements of the design and functionality of our Company Websites.  These enhancements are intended to position our Company Websites as comprehensive best in class destinations for automotive purchase research by consumers. By doing so, we believe we will increase the volume of our Internally-Generated Leads.
 
Increasing the conversion rate of visitors to Leads on our Company Websites.  Through increased SEO and SEM activities and significant content, tools and user interface enhancements to our websites, we believe we will be able to increase the number of website visits and improve website “engagement,” and thereby increase the conversion of page views into Leads.  We believe that an increased conversion rate of page views into Leads could result in higher revenue per visitor.
 
Relationships with Suppliers of High-Quality, Non-Internally-Generated Leads. We plan to continue to develop and maintain strong relationships with suppliers of Non-Internally-Generated Leads that consistently provide high-quality Leads.
 
Increasing Leads Sales to our Customers. Our principal source of revenue comes from sales of Leads to our retail and wholesale Lead customers. Our goal is to increase sales of Leads to our customers primarily by:
 
Increasing Lead Sales to Dealers. Sales of Leads to our Dealer network constitute a significant source of our revenues.  During 2018, we continued to focus our Dealer acquisition and retention strategies on dealerships to which we could deliver a higher percentage of our Internally-Generated Leads.  We believe this will result in increased vehicle sales for our Dealers and ultimately stronger relationships with us because, based on our evaluation of the performance data and information discussed above, we believe our Internally-Generated Leads are of high-quality. Our goal is to increase the number of Leads sold to our retail Dealer customers by:
 
o
increasing the quality of the Leads sold to our Dealers,
o
increasing the number of Dealers in our Dealer network,
o
reducing Dealer churn in our Dealer network,
o
providing customizable Lead programs to meet our Dealers’ unique marketing requirements,
o
providing additional value added marketing services that help Dealers more effectively utilize the internet to market and sell new and used vehicles,
o
increasing overall Dealer satisfaction by improving all aspects of our services,
o
increasing the size of our retail Dealer footprint,
o
focusing on higher revenue Dealers that are more cost-effective to support, and 
o
enhancing our internal Lead generation activities by leveraging our expanded retail lead coverage.
 
Increasing Lead Sales to Wholesale Customers.  We currently have agreements to sell Leads to most Manufacturer Lead programs.  We intend to continue to demonstrate the value of third-party leads to Manufacturers by utilizing close rate and cross sell data that demonstrates that third party leads result in incremental sales for the Manufacturers.  Our intention is to increase revenue by having Manufacturers enhance business rules, program capacity, pricing and coverage so that each Manufacturer can purchase more of our Internally-Generated Leads.
 
 
Continuing to develop the click traffic program for online automotive advertisers and publishers.  Our click traffic program uses proprietary technology and a pay-per-click business model to analyze web traffic and adjust advertiser costs accordingly based on traffic quality.  This traffic network is targeted to attract high-intent, high-volume publishers and is intended to allow them to monetize traffic that has previously been under-monetized.  In-market car shoppers are presented with highly relevant display advertisements and benefit from an online experience that delivers information that consumers use in making their car buying decisions.  Manufacturers benefit from this high-quality traffic from serious in-market car buyers.  Our click traffic program enables Manufacturers and Dealers to optimize their advertising by driving traffic to appropriate areas of their Tier 1 (Manufacturer national advertising), Tier 2 (Manufacturer and advertising associations regional advertising) and Tier 3 (Dealer) websites.  
 
We believe that Manufacturers and Dealers will see the measurable attribution from this click traffic and will reallocate marketing spend from traditional channels into this emerging medium. We also plan to grow the size of this addressable marketplace by adding high-quality and high-volume automotive publishers to our network, by targeting in-market consumers on a variety of social media platforms and by continuing to optimize this advertising platform on our consumer facing websites. In addition, we believe that the flexibility of our solution combined with high-quality traffic with automotive purchase intent may allow us to grow our click advertiser base as the level of attribution from this product is understood by advertising partners.
 
Increasing Display Advertising Revenues.  As traffic to, and time spent on, our Company Websites by consumers increases, we will seek to increase our advertising revenues.  Through our agreement with a third party, we benefit from the third party’s relationships with major automotive Manufacturers and/or the third party’s advertising agencies by increasing revenue for our traditional display advertising.  It is our belief that if the volume of our traffic increases, advertisers will recognize this increased value by agreeing to purchase additional advertising space available on our Company Websites.  Additionally, we believe that our AutoWeb Traffic Product provides an opportunity to increase AutoWeb advertising revenue through additional monetization opportunities for our existing and growing traffic.
 
Focus on Mobile Technologies.  As consumers increasingly engage with internet content using mobile devices, AutoWeb will continue to focus on mobile technologies that facilitate communication between Dealers and consumers on smart phones and tablets at the time, place, and in a manner preferred by many consumers.   This focus on the mobile platform is a core part of our strategy moving forward regarding lead generation, automotive research, website advertising and traffic generation.
 
Continuing to Expand our Products and ServicesWe gather significant amounts of data on consumer intent as it relates to purchasing vehicles.  We intend to use this data to create products and services, including direct business database offerings, that we believe will ultimately help Manufacturers and Dealers market and sell more new and used vehicles.  Our objective is to generate revenues from this asset in the most effective and efficient ways possible.
 
Strategic Acquisitions, Investments and AlliancesOur goal is to grow and enhance our business. We may do so, in part, through strategic acquisitions, investments and alliances. We continue to review strategic opportunities that may provide opportunities for growth. We believe that strategic acquisitions, investments and alliances may allow us to increase market share, benefit from advancements in technology and strengthen our business operations by enhancing our product and service offerings.
 
Our ability to implement the foregoing strategies and plans is subject to risks and uncertainties, many of which are beyond our control.  Accordingly, there is no assurance that we will successfully implement our strategies and plans.  See “Item 1A. Risk Factors” of this Annual Report on Form 10-K.
 
Seasonality
 
Our quarterly revenues and operating results have fluctuated in the past and may fluctuate in the future due to various factors, including consumer buying trends, changing economic conditions, Manufacturer incentive programs and actual or threatened severe weather events.   Lead volume is typically highest in summer (third quarter) and winter (first quarter) months, followed by spring (second quarter) and fall (fourth quarter) months.
 
Intellectual Property
 
Our intellectual property includes patents related to our innovations, products and services; trademarks related to our brands, products and services; copyrights in software and creative content; trade secrets; and other intellectual property rights and licenses of various kinds. We seek to protect our intellectual property assets through patent, copyright, trade secret, trademark and other laws and through contractual provisions. We enter into confidentiality and invention assignment agreements with our employees and contractors, and non-disclosure agreements with third parties with whom we conduct business in order to secure our proprietary rights and additionally limit access to, and disclosure of, our proprietary information.  We have registered trademarks with the United States Patent and Trademark Office, including AutoWeb®, AutoWeb.com®, the global highway logo, Autobytel, Autobytel.com, MyGarage, iControl by Autobytel®, TextShield®, and Payment Pro®. We cannot provide any assurances that any of our intellectual property rights will be enforceable by us in litigation.
 
 
Additional information regarding certain risks related to our intellectual property is included in Part I, Item 1A “Risk Factors” of this Annual Report on Form 10-K.
 
Competition
 
In the automotive-related digital marketing services marketplace we compete for Dealer and Manufacturer customers.  Competition with respect to our core Lead referral programs continued to be impacted by changing industry conditions in 2018. We continue to compete with several companies that maintain business models similar to ours, some with greater resources. In addition, competition has increased from larger competitors that traditionally have competed only in the used vehicle market.  Dealers continue to invest in their proprietary websites and traffic acquisition activities, and we expect this trend to continue as Dealers strive to own and control more Lead generating assets under their captive brands.  Additionally, all major Manufacturers that market their vehicles in the U.S. have their own websites that market their vehicles direct to consumers and generate Leads for delivery direct to the Manufacturers’ Dealers. We compete based on quality of our Leads and pricing.
 
We believe that third-party Leads have been the standard in our industry for many years.  However, we continue to observe new and emerging business models, including pay-per-sale and consumer pay models, relating to the generation and delivery of Leads.  From time to time, new products and services are introduced that take the focus away from third-party Lead generation, which we believe is a profitable way to sell vehicles to in-market buyers.  Dealers and Manufacturers may decide to pull back on their third-party Lead programs to test these new approaches.
 
In the display advertising marketplace, we compete with major internet portals, transaction-based websites, automotive related companies, numerous lifestyle websites and emerging entrants in the relatively new automotive click revenue medium. According to Emarketer forecasts, the top two digital advertising platforms in the U.S. are Google and Facebook, which Emarketer expects to maintain their dominant hold on digital advertising dollars. We also compete with traditional marketing channels such as print, radio and television.
 
In pay-per-click advertising, we compete with established search engine providers as well as with a growing number of digital marketing platforms focused on generating dealership website traffic from inventory listings and social media campaigns. In addition, some industry providers who have historically specialized in inventory aggregation or on providing SEM agency services to Dealers are now expanding into the area of website traffic generation. Also, many dealership website providers are now offering traffic solutions as part of their bundle of services.
 
In addition, some traditional data providers are moving to deliver personalized digital marketing services at scale. These digital marketing hubs and data management platforms provide marketers with standardized access to audience data, content, workflow triggers and operational analytics to automate execution and optimization of multichannel campaigns. These services could be used as a source of lead generation and website traffic by Dealers and Manufacturers and could replace our existing product offerings.
 
 Customers
 
We have a concentration of credit risk with our automotive industry related accounts receivable balances, particularly with Urban Science Applications (which represents several Manufacturer programs), Media.net Advertising, and General Motors. During 2018, approximately 37% of our total revenues were derived from these three customers, and approximately 41% or $11.2 million of gross accounts receivable related to these three customers at December 31, 2018.  Urban Science Applications accounted for 18% and 21% of total revenues and accounts receivable, respectively, as of December 31, 2018. Media.net Advertising accounted for 10% and 6% of total revenues and accounts receivable, respectively, as of December 31, 2018. General Motors accounted for 9% and 13% of total revenues and accounts receivable, respectively, as of December 31, 2018.
 
Operations and Technology
 
We believe that our future success is significantly dependent upon our ability to provide high-performance, reliable and comprehensive websites, advertising systems; enhance consumer and Dealer product and service offerings; maintain the highest levels of information privacy; and ensure transactional security. Our Company Websites and advertising systems are hosted at secure third-party data center facilities and public cloud providers. These data centers and public cloud systems utilize redundant power infrastructure, redundant network connectivity, multiple locations, distributed services, fire detection and suppression systems and security systems to prevent unauthorized access and to provide high availability of their services, upon which our technology is built, deployed and operated. Our network and computer systems are built on industry standard technology.
 
System enhancements are primarily intended to accommodate increased traffic across our Company Websites, improve the speed in which Leads and advertisements are processed and introduce new and enhanced products and services. System enhancements entail the implementation of sophisticated new technology and system processes. We implement industry standard automation and delivery processes and employ centralized quality assurance to improve the quality, scalability, security, and availability of our products. We plan to continue to make investments in technology as we believe appropriate.
 
Government Regulation
 
We are subject to laws and regulations generally applicable to providers of digital marketing services, including federal and state laws and regulations governing data security and privacy; voice, email and text messaging communications with consumers; unfair and deceptive acts and practices; advertising; contests, sweepstakes and promotions; and content regulation. For additional important information related to government regulation of our business, including governmental regulations relating to the marketing and sale of automobiles, see the information set forth in Part I, Item 1A “Risk Factors” of this Annual Report on Form 10-K.
 
Employees
 
As of March 5, 2019, we had 199 employees.
 
 
Item 1A.
Risk Factors
 
The risks described below are not the only risks that we face. The following risks as well as risks and uncertainties not currently known to us or that we currently deem to be immaterial may materially and adversely affect our business, results of operations, financial condition, earnings per share, cash flow or the trading price of our stock, individually and collectively referred to in these Risk Factors as our “financial performance.”   See also the discussion of “Forward-Looking Statements” immediately preceding Part I of this Annual Report on Form 10-K.
 
We may be unable to increase Lead revenues and could suffer a decline in revenues due to dealer attrition.
 
We derive more than 98% of our Lead revenues from Lead fees paid by Dealers and Manufacturers participating in our Lead programs. Our Lead fees decreased $10.1 million, or 9%, in 2018 compared to 2017. Our ability to increase revenues from sales of Leads is dependent on a mix of interrelated factors that include increasing Lead revenues by attracting and retaining Dealers and Manufacturers and increasing the number of high-quality Leads we sell to Dealers and Manufacturers. We are also focused on higher revenue Dealers that are more cost-effective to support. Our sales strategy is intended to result in more profitable relationships with our Dealers both in terms of cost to supply Leads and to support the Dealers. Dealer churn impacts our revenues, and if our sales strategy does not mitigate the loss in revenues by maintaining the overall number of Leads sold by increasing sales to other Dealers or Manufacturers while maintaining the overall margins we receive from the Leads sold, our revenues would decrease. We cannot provide any assurances that we will be able to increase Lead fee revenues, prevent Dealer attrition or offset the revenues lost due to Dealer attrition by other means, and our failure to do so could materially and adversely affect our financial performance.
 
We may lose customers or quality Lead supplies to our competitors.
 
Our ability to provide increased numbers of high-quality Leads to our customers is dependent on increasing the number of Internally-Generated Leads and acquiring high-quality Non-Internally-Generated Leads from third parties. Originating Internally-Generated Leads is dependent on our ability to increase consumer traffic to our Company Websites by providing secure and easy to use websites with relevant and quality content for consumers and increasing visibility of our brands to consumers and by our SEM activities. We compete for Dealer and Manufacturer customers and for acquisition of Non-Internally-Generated Leads with companies that maintain automotive Lead referral businesses that are very similar to ours. Many of these competitors are larger than us and have greater financial resources than we have. If we lose customers or quality Lead supply volume to our competitors, or if our pricing or cost to acquire Leads is impacted, our financial performance will be materially and adversely impacted.
 
Our financial performance could be materially and adversely affected by changes in internet search engine algorithms and dynamics.
 
We use Google to generate a significant portion of the traffic to our websites, and, to a lesser extent, we use other search engines and meta-search websites to generate traffic to our websites, principally through pay-per-click advertising campaigns. The pricing and operating dynamics on these search engines can experience rapid change commercially, technically and competitively. For example, Google frequently updates and changes the logic that determines the placement and display of results of a consumer's search, such that the placement of links to our websites can be negatively affected and our costs to improve or maintain our placement in search results can increase.
 
We are affected by general economic and market conditions, and, in particular, conditions in the automotive industry.
 
Our financial performance is affected by general economic and market factors, conditions in the automotive industry, and the market for automotive marketing services, including, but not limited to, the following:
 
Pricing and purchase incentives for vehicles;
The expectation that consumers will be purchasing fewer vehicles overall during their lifetime as a result of better quality vehicles and longer warranties;
The impact of fuel prices on demand for the number and types of vehicles;
Increases or decreases in the number of retail Dealers or in the number of Manufacturers and other wholesale customers in our customer base;
Volatility in spending by Manufacturers and others in their marketing budgets and allocations;
The competitive impact of consolidation in the online automotive consumer referral industry;
The effect of changes in transportation policy, including the potential increase of public transportation options; and
The effect of fewer vehicles being purchased as a result of new business models and changes in consumer attitudes regarding the need for vehicle ownership.
 
 
 
 
Concentration of credit risk and risks due to significant customers could materially and adversely affect our financial performance.
 
Financial instruments that potentially subject us to concentrations of credit risk consist primarily of cash and cash equivalents, investments and accounts receivable. Cash and cash equivalents are primarily maintained with three financial institutions in the United States. Deposits held by banks exceed the amount of insurance provided for such deposits. Generally, these deposits may be redeemed upon demand. Accounts receivable are primarily derived from fees billed to Dealers and Manufacturers. We have a concentration of credit risk with our automotive industry related accounts receivable balances, particularly with Urban Science Applications (which represents several Manufacturer programs), General Motors and Media.net Advertising. During 2018 approximately 37% of the Company’s total revenues were derived from these customers, and they accounted for approximately 41% or $11.2 million of gross accounts receivable at December 31, 2018. No collateral is required to support our accounts receivables, and we maintain an allowance for bad debts for potential credit losses.  If there is a decline in the general economic environment that negatively affects the financial condition of our customers or an increase in the number of customers that are dissatisfied with their services, additional estimated allowances for bad debts and customer credits may be required, and the adverse impact on our financial performance could be material.
 
We depend on Manufacturers through our third party sales channel for a significant amount of our advertising revenues, and we may not be able to maintain or grow these relationships.
 
We depend on Manufacturers through our third party sales channel for a significant amount of our advertising revenues. A decline in the level of advertising on our websites, reductions in advertising rates or any significant failure to develop additional sources of advertising would cause our advertising revenues to decline, which could have a material adverse effect on our financial performance. We periodically negotiate revisions to existing agreements and these revisions could decrease our advertising revenues in future periods and a number of our advertising agreements with Manufacturers may be terminated at any time without cause. We may not be able to maintain our relationship with Manufacturers on favorable terms or find alternative comparable relationships capable of replacing advertising revenues on terms satisfactory to us. If we cannot do so, our advertising revenues would decline, which could have a material adverse effect on our financial performance.
 
Our ability to maintain and add to our relationships with advertisers and thereby increase advertising revenues is dependent on our ability to attract consumers and acquire traffic to our Company Websites and monetize that traffic at profitable margins with advertisers. Our consumer facing websites compete with offerings from the major internet portals, transaction based sites, automotive-related verticals (websites with content that is primarily automotive in nature) and numerous lifestyle websites. Our advertising business is characterized by minimal barriers to entry, and new competitors may be able to launch competitive services at relatively low costs. If our Company Websites do not provide a compelling, differentiated user experience, we may lose visitors to competing sites, and if our website traffic declines, we may lose relevance to our major advertisers who may reduce or eliminate their advertising buys from us, which could have a material and adverse effect on our financial performance.
 
Uncertainty exists in the application of various laws and regulations to our business. New laws or regulations applicable to our business, or expansion or interpretation of existing laws and regulations to apply to our business, could subject us to licensing, claims, judgments and remedies, including monetary liabilities and limitations on our business practices, and could increase administrative costs or materially and adversely affect our financial performance.
 
We operate in a regulatory climate in which there is uncertainty as to the application of various laws and regulations to our business.  Our business could be significantly affected by different interpretations or applications of existing laws or regulations, future laws or regulations, or actions or rulings by judicial or regulatory authorities.  Our operations may be subjected to adoption, expansion or interpretation of various laws and regulations, and compliance with these laws and regulations may require us to obtain licenses at an undeterminable and possibly significant initial and annual expense. These additional expenditures may increase future overhead, thereby potentially reducing our future results of operations. There can be no assurances that future laws or regulations or interpretations or expansions of existing laws or regulations will not impose requirements on internet commerce that could substantially impair the growth of e-commerce and adversely affect our financial performance. The adoption of additional laws or regulations may decrease the popularity or impede the expansion of e-commerce and internet marketing, restrict our present business practices, require us to implement costly compliance procedures or expose us and/or our customers to potential liability.
 
We may be deemed to “operate” or “do business” in states where our customers conduct their business, resulting in regulatory action. If any state licensing laws were determined to be applicable to us, and if we are required to be licensed and we are unable to do so, or we are otherwise unable to comply with laws or regulations, we could be subject to fines or other penalties or be compelled to discontinue operations in those states.  In the event any state’s regulatory requirements impose state specific requirements on us or include us within an industry-specific regulatory scheme, we may be required to modify our marketing programs in that state in a manner that may undermine the program’s attractiveness to consumers or Dealers. In the alternative, if we determine that the licensing and related requirements are overly burdensome, we may elect to terminate operations in that state. In each case, our financial performance could be materially and adversely affected.  We have identified below areas of government regulation, which if changed or interpreted to apply to our business, we believe could be costly for us and could materially and adversely affect our financial performance.
 
 
Automotive Dealer/ Broker and Vehicle Advertising Laws. All states comprehensively regulate vehicle sales and lease transactions, including strict licensure requirements for Dealers (and, in some states, brokers) and vehicle advertising. Most of these laws and regulations, we believe, specifically address only traditional vehicle purchase and lease transactions, not internet-based Lead referral programs such as our programs. If we determine that the licensing or other regulatory requirements in a given state are applicable to us or to a particular marketing services program, we may elect to obtain required licenses and comply with applicable regulatory requirements.  However, if licensing or other regulatory requirements are overly burdensome, we may elect to terminate operations or particular marketing services programs in that state or elect to not operate or introduce particular marketing services programs in that state. In some states we have modified our marketing programs or pricing models to reduce uncertainty regarding our compliance with local laws. As we introduce new services, we may need to incur additional costs associated with additional licensing regulations and regulatory requirements.  
 
Financial Broker and Consumer Credit Laws. Through our websites consumers can click through to Dealer, Manufacturer and potential lender websites to obtain information regarding automotive financing. All online applications for financing quotes are completed on the respective third party’s websites. We receive marketing fees from financial institutions and Dealers in connection with this marketing activity. We do not demand, nor do we receive any fees from consumers for these services. In the event states require us to be licensed as a financial broker or finder, we may be unable to comply with a state’s laws or regulations, or we could be required to incur significant fees and expenses to obtain any financial broker required license and comply with regulatory requirements.  In addition, the Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act established a new consumer financial protection bureau with broad regulatory powers, which could lead to regulation of our advertising business directly or indirectly through regulation of automotive finance companies and other financial institutions.
 
Insurance Broker Laws. We provide links on our websites and referrals from call centers enabling consumers to be referred to third parties to receive quotes for insurance from such third parties. All online applications for quotes are completed on the respective insurance carriers’ or other third party websites, and all applications for quotes obtained through call center referrals are conducted by the insurance carrier or other third party. We receive marketing fees from participants in connection with this marketing activity. We do not receive any premiums from consumers nor do we charge consumers fees for our services.
 
Changes in the taxation of internet commerce may result in increased costs.
 
Because our business is dependent on the internet, the adoption of new local, state or federal tax laws or regulations or new interpretations of existing laws or regulations by governmental authorities may subject us to additional local, state or federal sales, use or income taxes and could decrease the growth of internet usage or marketing or the acceptance of internet commerce which could, in turn, decrease the demand for our services and increase our costs.  As a result, our financial performance could be materially and adversely affected. State taxing authorities are reviewing and re-evaluating the tax treatment of companies engaged in internet commerce, including the application of sales taxes to internet marketing businesses similar to ours, as a source of tax revenues. We accrue for tax contingencies based upon our estimate of the taxes ultimately expected to be paid, which we update over time as more information becomes available, new legislation or rules are adopted or taxing authorities interpret their existing statutes and rules to apply to internet commerce, including internet marketing businesses similar to ours.  The amounts ultimately paid in resolution of reviews or audits by taxing authorities could differ materially from the amounts we have accrued and result in additional tax expense, and our financial performance could be materially and adversely affected.
 
Changes in applicable tax regulations and resolutions of tax disputes could negatively affect our financial results.
 
The Company is subject to taxation in the United States. On December 22, 2017, the U.S. government enacted comprehensive tax legislation commonly referred to as the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act (“TCJA”). The legislation implements many new U.S. domestic and international tax provisions. Many aspects of the TCJA remain unclear, and although additional clarifying guidance is expected to be issued (by the Internal Revenue Service (“IRS”), the U.S. Treasury Department or via a technical correction law change), it may not be clarified for some time. In addition, a number of U.S. states have not yet updated their laws to take into account the new federal legislation. As a result, there may be further impacts of the new law on our financial performance. It is possible that the TCJA, or interpretations under it, could change and could have an adverse effect on us, and such effect could be material.
 
We may require additional capital to implement new strategic plans, modernize and upgrade our technology and systems, pursue business objectives and respond to business opportunities, challenges or unforeseen circumstances. If capital is not available to us, or is not available on favorable terms, our financial performance could be materially and adversely affected.
 
We may require additional capital to implement new strategic plans, modernize and upgrade our technology and systems, pursue business objectives and respond to business opportunities, challenges or unforeseen circumstances, including to develop new products or services, improve existing products and services, enhance our operating infrastructure and acquire complementary businesses and technologies. As a result, we may need to engage in equity or debt financings to secure additional funds. However, additional funds may not be available when we need them, on terms that are acceptable to us, or at all.
 
 
Any debt financing that we may secure in the future could involve restrictive covenants that may make it more difficult for us to obtain additional capital. Volatility in the credit markets may also have an adverse effect on our ability to obtain debt financing. If we raise additional funds through further issuances of equity or convertible debt securities, our existing stockholders could suffer significant dilution, and any new equity securities we issue could have rights, preferences and privileges superior to those of holders of our common stock. If we are unable to obtain adequate financing or financing on terms satisfactory to us, when we require it, our ability to continue to implement new strategic plans, modernize and upgrade our technology and systems, pursue business objectives and respond to business opportunities, challenges or unforeseen circumstances could be significantly limited, and our financial performance could be materially and adversely affected.
 
Data Security and Privacy Risks
 
Our business is subject to various laws, rules and regulations relating to data security and privacy. New data security and privacy laws, rules and regulations may be adopted regarding the internet or other online services that could limit our business flexibility or cause us to incur higher compliance costs.  In each case, our financial performance could be materially and adversely affected.  We have identified below some of these risks that we believe could materially and adversely affect our financial performance.
 
Anti-spam laws, rules and regulations. Various state and federal laws, rules and regulations regulate email communications and internet advertising and restrict or prohibit unsolicited email (commonly known as “spam”). These laws, rules or regulations may adversely affect our ability to market our services to consumers in a cost-effective manner. The federal Controlling the Assault of Non-Solicited Pornography and Marketing Act of 2003 (“CAN-SPAM”) imposes complex and often burdensome requirements in connection with sending commercial emails. In addition, state laws regulating the sending of commercial emails, including California’s law regulating the sending of commercial emails, to the extent found to not be preempted by CAN-SPAM, may impose requirements or conditions more restrictive than CAN-SPAM. Violation of these laws, rules or regulations may result in monetary fines or penalties or damage to our reputation.
 
Data privacy laws, rules and regulations. Various laws, rules and regulations govern the collection, use, retention, sharing and security of data that we receive from our users, advertisers and affiliates. In addition, we have and post on our website our own privacy policies and practices concerning the collection, use and disclosure of user data and personal information. Any failure, or perceived failure, by us to comply with our posted privacy policies, Federal Trade Commission requirements or orders or other federal or state privacy or consumer protection-related laws, regulations or industry self-regulatory principles could result in proceedings or actions against us by governmental entities or others. Further, failure or perceived failure by us to comply with our policies, applicable requirements or industry self-regulatory principles related to the collection, use, sharing or security of personal information or other privacy-related matters could result in a loss of user confidence in us, damage to our brands, and ultimately in a loss of users, advertisers or Lead referral and advertising affiliates. We cannot predict whether new legislation or regulations concerning data privacy and retention issues related to our business will be adopted, or if adopted, whether they could impose requirements that may result in a decrease in our user registrations and materially and adversely affect our financial performance.  Proposals that have or are currently being considered include restrictions relating to the collection and use of data and information obtained through the tracking of internet use, including the possible implementation of a “Do Not Track” list, that would allow internet users to opt-out of such tracking. Other proposals include enhanced rights for consumers to obtain information regarding the sharing or sale of their personal information and rights to opt-out or prevent the sharing or sale of their personal information to third parties, similar to the European Union’s General Data Protection Regulation. The State of California has already enacted AB 375, the California Consumer Privacy Act of 2018, which includes significant new personal data privacy rights for consumers. The law becomes effective on January 1, 2020, but may be amended before it becomes effective. Depending on the provisions of the law that become effective, compliance with this law could have a material and adverse effect on our financial performance
 
Security risks associated with online Leads collection and referral, advertising and e-commerce risks associated with other online fraud and scams.  A significant issue for online businesses like ours is the secure transmission of confidential and personal information over public networks. Concerns over the security of transactions conducted on the internet, consumer identity theft and user privacy issues have been significant barriers to growth in consumer use of the internet, online advertising and e-commerce. Despite our implementation of security measures, our computer systems or those of our vendors may be susceptible to electronic or physical computer break-ins, viruses and other disruptive harms and security breaches. In addition, consumers may experience losses of personally identifiable information as a result of corporate identity theft. Advances in computer capabilities, new discoveries in the field of cryptography or other developments may specifically compromise our security measures. Because the techniques used to obtain unauthorized access, disable or degrade service, or sabotage systems change frequently and often are not recognized until launched against a target, we may be unable to anticipate these techniques or to implement adequate preventative measures on a timely basis. Any perceived or actual unauthorized disclosure of personally identifiable information that we collect or store, whether through breach of our network by an unauthorized party, employee theft or misuse, or otherwise, could harm our reputation and brands, substantially impair our ability to attract and retain our audiences, or subject us to claims or litigation arising from damages suffered by consumers or Lead or traffic suppliers. If consumers experience identity theft related to personally identifiable information we collect or store, we may be exposed to liability, adverse publicity and damage to our reputation. To the extent that identity theft gives rise to reluctance to use our websites or to supply us leads or traffic, or a decline in consumer confidence in financial transactions over the internet, our business could be adversely affected. Alleged or actual breaches of the network of one of our business partners or competitors whom consumers associate with us could also harm our reputation and brands. In addition, we could incur significant costs in complying with the multitude of state, federal and foreign laws regarding the unauthorized disclosure of personal information. For example, California law requires companies to inform individuals of any security breaches that result in their personal information being stolen. Because our success depends on the acceptance of online services and e-commerce, we may incur significant costs to protect against the threat of security breaches or to alleviate problems caused by those breaches. Internet fraud has been increasing over the past few years, and the Company has experienced fraudulent use of our name and trademarks on websites in connection with the purported sale of vehicles offered on third party websites, with payments to be handled through an online escrow service purported to be owned and operated by the Company.  These fraudulent online transactions and scams, should they continue to increase in prevalence, could affect our reputation with consumers and give rise to claims by consumers for funds transferred to the fraudulent accounts, which could materially and adversely affect our financial performance.
 
 
We are insured for some, but not all, of the foregoing risks.  Even for those risks for which we are insured and have coverage under the terms and conditions of the applicable policies, there are no assurances given that the coverage limits would be sufficient to cover all costs, liabilities or losses we might incur or experience.
 
Telemarketing Risks.   We are subject to various federal and state laws, rules, regulations and orders regarding telemarketing and privacy, including restrictions on the use of unsolicited emails and restrictions on marketing activities conducted through the use of telephonic communications (including text messaging to mobile telephones). Our financial performance could be adversely affected by newly-adopted or amended laws, rules, regulations and orders relating to telemarketing and increased enforcement of such laws, rules, regulations or orders by governmental agencies or by private litigants. One example of regulatory changes that may affect our financial performance are the regulations under the Telephone Consumer Protection Act (“TCPA”). Regulations adopted by the Federal Communications Commission under the TCPA require the prior express written consent of the called party before a caller can initiate telemarketing calls (i) to wireless numbers (including text messaging) using an automatic telephone dialing system or an artificial or prerecorded voice; or (ii) to residential lines using an artificial or prerecorded voice. Failure to comply with the TCPA can result in significant penalties, including statutory damages. We may become subject to lawsuits (including class-action lawsuits) alleging that our business violated the TCPA. Under the TCPA, plaintiffs may seek actual monetary loss or statutory damages of $500 per violation, whichever is greater, and courts may treble the damage award for willful or knowing violations. Such litigation, even if not meritorious, could result in substantial costs and diversion of management attention and an adverse outcome could materially and adversely affect our financial performance.  Our efforts to comply with these regulations may negatively affect conversion rates of leads, and thus, our revenue or profitability.
 
Technology Risks
 
 Our business is dependent on keeping pace with advances in technology. If we are unable to keep pace with advances in technology, consumers may stop using our services and our revenues will decrease. Our financial performance may be materially and adversely impacted by material investments in technology.  The internet and electronic commerce markets are characterized by rapid technological change, changes in user and customer requirements, frequent new service and product introductions embodying new technologies, including mobile internet applications, and the emergence of new industry standards and practices that could render our existing websites and technology obsolete. These market characteristics are intensified by the evolving nature of the market and the fact that many companies are expected to introduce new internet products and services in the near future. If we are unable to adapt to changing technologies, our financial performance could be materially and adversely affected. Our performance will depend, in part, on our ability to continue to enhance our existing services, develop new technology that addresses the increasingly sophisticated and varied needs of our prospective customers, license leading technologies and respond to technological advances and emerging industry standards and practices on a timely and cost-effective basis. The development of our websites, mobile applications and other proprietary technology entails significant technical and business risks. We may not be successful in using new technologies effectively or adapting our websites or other proprietary technology to customer requirements or to emerging industry standards. In addition, our financial performance could be materially and adversely affected by material investments in technology in order to keep pace with technological advances.
 
 Interruptions or failures in our information technology platforms, communication systems or security systems could materially and adversely affect our financial performance.  Our information technology and communications systems are susceptible to outages and interruptions due to fire, flood, earthquake, power loss, telecommunications failures, cyber attacks, terrorist attacks, technology operations and development failures, failure of redundant systems and disaster recovery plans and similar events. Such outages and interruptions could damage our reputation and harm our operating results.  Despite our network security measures, our information technology platforms are vulnerable to computer viruses, worms, physical and electronic break-ins, sabotage and similar disruptions from unauthorized tampering, as well as coordinated denial-of-service attacks. We do not have multiple site capacity for all of our services. In the event of delays or disruptions to services we rely on third party providers to perform disaster recovery planning and services on our behalf. We are vulnerable to extended failures to the extent that planning and services are not adequate to meet our continued technology platform, communication or security systems’ needs.  We rely on third party providers for our primary and secondary internet connections. Our co-location service and public cloud services that provide infrastructure and platform services, environmental and power support for our technology platforms, communication systems and security systems are received from third party providers. We have little or no control over these third party providers. Any disruption of the services they provide us or any failure of these third party providers to effectively design and implement sufficient security systems or plan for increases in capacity could, in turn, cause delays or disruptions in our services. We are insured for some, but not all, of these events.  Even for those events for which we are insured and have coverage under the terms and conditions of the applicable policies, there are no assurances given that the coverage limits would be sufficient to cover all losses we might incur or experience. We have recently conducted evaluations of our technology and business systems, and based on these evaluations, we believe that our technology infrastructure, our accounting and business systems and disaster recovery procedures are in need of upgrades and replacements. Failure to implement these updates and upgrades could result in systems failures, inability to promptly recover from system failures, and data security risks.  We anticipate incurring significant expenses in upgrading and replacing technology infrastructure and business systems over the next three years. Our financial performance may be materially and adversely impacted by material investments in new technology infrastructure and business systems.
 
 
We are dependent upon third parties for certain support services and should they fail to perform, our financial performance could be materially and adversely affected. We rely on various third parties to provide certain support services. Should a third party fail to perform or perform adequately, our financial performance could be materially and adversely affected.
 
We are exposed to risks associated with overseas operations.  We currently maintain website, software development and operations in Guatemala.  These overseas operations are subject to many inherent risks, including but not limited to:
 
Political and social instability;
Exposure to different business practices and legal standards, particularly with respect to labor and employment laws and intellectual property;
Continuation of overseas conflicts and the risk of terrorist attacks and resulting heightened security;
The imposition of governmental controls and restrictions and unexpected changes in regulatory requirements;
Theft and other crimes;
Nationalization of business and blocking of cash flows;
Changes in taxation and tariffs;
Difficulties in staffing and managing international operations; and
Foreign currency exchange fluctuations.
 
These risks can significantly impact our overseas operations and outsourcing. Increases in the cost, or disruptions, of such operations and outsourcing, could materially and adversely affect our financial performance.  In addition, we are subject to certain anti-corruption laws, including the U.S. Foreign Corrupt Practices Act, in addition to the laws of the foreign countries in which we operate. If we or any of our employees or agents violates these laws, we could become subject to sanctions or significant penalties that could negatively affect our reputation and financial performance.
 
We may acquire other companies, and there are many risks associated with acquisitions. As part of our business strategy we evaluate potential acquisitions that we believe will complement or enhance our existing business. We currently do not have any definitive agreements to acquire any company or business, and we may not be able to identify or complete any acquisition in the future.  Acquisitions involve numerous risks that include the following, any of which could materially and adversely affect our financial performance:
 
We may not fully realize all of the anticipated benefits of an acquisition or may not realize them in the timeframe expected, including due to acquisitions where we expand into product and service offerings or enter or expand into markets in which we are not experienced;
In order to complete acquisitions, we may issue common stock or securities convertible into or exercisable for common stock, potentially creating dilution for existing stockholders. Issuance of equity securities may also restrict utilization of net operating loss carryforwards because of an annual limitation due to ownership change limitations under the Internal Revenue Code;
We may borrow to finance acquisitions, and the amount and terms of any potential future acquisition-related or other borrowings may not be favorable to the Company and could affect our liquidity and financial condition;
Acquisitions may result in significant costs and expenses and charges to earnings, including those related to severance pay, early retirement costs, employee benefit costs, goodwill and asset impairment charges, charges from the elimination of duplicative facilities and contracts, assumed litigation and other liabilities, legal, accounting and financial advisory fees, and required payments to executive officers and key employees under retention plans;
Our due diligence process may fail to identify significant issues with an acquired company that may result in unexpected or increased costs, expenses or liabilities that could make an acquisition less profitable or unprofitable;
The failure to further our strategic objectives that may require us to expend additional resources to develop products, services and technology internally;
An announced business combination and investment transaction may not close timely or at all, which may cause our financial results to differ from expectations in a given quarter; and
Business combination and investment transactions may lead to litigation that can be costly to defend or settle, even if no actual liability exists.
 
 
 
 
Integrations of acquisitions are often complex, time-consuming and expensive, and if acquisitions are not successfully integrated they could materially and adversely affect our financial performance. The challenges involved with integration of acquisitions include:
 
o
Diversion of management attention to assimilating the acquired business from other business operations and concerns;
o
Integration of management information and accounting systems of the acquired business into our systems, and the failure to fully realize all of the anticipated benefits of an acquisition;
o
Difficulties in assimilating the operations and personnel of an acquired business into our own business;
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Difficulties in integrating management information and accounting systems of an acquired business into our current systems;
o
Convincing our customers and suppliers and the customers and suppliers of the acquired business that the transaction will not diminish client service standards or business focus and that they should not defer purchasing decisions or switch to other suppliers;
o
Consolidating and rationalizing corporate IT infrastructure, which may include multiple legacy systems from various acquisitions and integrating software code and business processes;
o
Persuading employees that business cultures are compatible, maintaining employee morale, retaining key employees and integrating employees into the Company;
o
Coordinating and combining administrative, manufacturing, research and development and other operations, subsidiaries, facilities and relationships with third parties in accordance with local laws and other obligations while maintaining adequate standards, controls and procedures; and
o
Managing integration issues shortly after or pending the completion of other independent transactions.
 
Securities Market Risks
 
The public market for our common stock may be volatile, especially because market prices for internet-related and technology stocks have often been unrelated to operating performance.  Our common stock is currently listed on The Nasdaq Capital Market under the symbol “AUTO,” but we cannot assure that an active trading market will be sustained or that the market price of the common stock will not decline. The stock market in general periodically experiences significant price fluctuations. The market price of our common stock is likely to be highly volatile and could be subject to wide fluctuations in response to factors such as:
 
Actual or anticipated variations in our quarterly operating results;
Historical and anticipated operating metrics such as the number of participating Dealers, volume of Lead deliveries to Dealers, the number of visitors to Company Websites and the frequency with which they interact with Company Websites;
Announcements of new product or service offerings;
Technological innovations;
Low trading volumes;
Concentration of holdings in our common stock resulting in low public float for our shares;
Decisions by holders of large blocks of our stock to sell their holdings on accelerated time schedules, including by reason of their decision to liquidate investment funds that hold our stock;
Limited analyst coverage of the Company;
Competitive developments, including actions by Manufacturers;
Changes in financial estimates by securities analysts or our failure to meet such estimates;
Conditions and trends in the internet, electronic commerce and automotive industries;
Adoption of new accounting standards affecting the technology or automotive industry;
Rumors, whether or not accurate, about us, our industry or possible transactions or other events;
The impact of open market repurchases of our common stock; and
General market or economic conditions and other factors.
 
Further, the stock markets, and in particular The Nasdaq Capital Market, have experienced price and volume fluctuations that have particularly affected the market prices of equity securities of many technology companies and have often been unrelated or disproportionate to the operating performance of those companies. These broad market factors have affected and may adversely affect the market price of our common stock. In addition, general economic, political and market conditions, such as recessions, interest rates, energy prices, international currency fluctuations, terrorist acts, political revolutions, military actions or wars, may adversely affect the market price of our common stock. In the past, following periods of volatility in the market price of a company’s securities, securities class action litigation has often been instituted against companies with publicly traded securities.
 
Our common stock could be delisted from The Nasdaq Capital Market if we are not able to satisfy continued listing requirements, in which case the price of our common stock  and our ability to raise additional capital and issue equity-based compensation may be adversely affected, and trading in our stock may be less orderly and efficient. For our common stock to continue to be listed on The Nasdaq Capital Market, the Company must satisfy various continued listing requirements established by The Nasdaq Stock Market LLC. In the event the Company were not able to satisfy these continued listing requirements, we expect that our common stock would be quoted on an over-the-counter market.  These markets are generally considered to be less efficient and less broad than The Nasdaq Capital Market. Investors may be reluctant to invest in the common stock if it is not listed on The Nasdaq Capital Market or another stock exchange. Delisting of our common stock could have a material adverse effect on the price of our common stock and would also eliminate our ability to rely on the preemption of state securities registration and qualification requirements afforded by Section 18 of the Securities Act of 1933 for “covered securities.” The loss of this preemption could result in higher costs associated with raising capital, could limit resale of our stock in some states, and could adversely impact our ability to issue equity-based compensation to Company employees.
 
 
No assurances can be given that the Company will continue to be able to meet the continued listing requirements for listing of our common stock on The Nasdaq Capital Market.
 
Risks Associated with Litigation
 
Misappropriation or infringement of our intellectual property and proprietary rights, enforcement actions to protect our intellectual property and claims from third parties relating to intellectual property could materially and adversely affect our financial performance. Litigation regarding intellectual property rights is common in the internet and technology industries. We expect that internet technologies and software products and services may be increasingly subject to third party infringement claims as the number of competitors in our industry segment grows and the functionality of products in different industry segments overlaps.  Our ability to compete depends upon our proprietary systems and technology.  While we rely on trademark, trade secret, patent and copyright law, confidentiality agreements and technical measures to protect our proprietary rights, we believe that the technical and creative skills of our personnel, continued development of our proprietary systems and technology, brand name recognition and reliable website maintenance are more essential in establishing and maintaining a leadership position and strengthening our brands. Despite our efforts to protect our proprietary rights, unauthorized parties may attempt to copy aspects of our services or to obtain and use information that we regard as proprietary. Policing unauthorized use of our proprietary rights is difficult and may be expensive. We have no assurance that the steps taken by us will prevent misappropriation of technology or that the agreements entered into for that purpose will be enforceable. Effective trademark, service mark, patent, copyright and trade secret protection may not be available when our products and services are made available online. In addition, if litigation becomes necessary to enforce or protect our intellectual property rights or to defend against claims of infringement or invalidity, this litigation, even if successful, could result in substantial costs and diversion of resources and management attention.  We also have no assurances that our products and services do not infringe on the intellectual property rights of third parties. Claims of infringement, even if unsuccessful, could result in substantial costs and diversion of resources and management attention. If we are not successful, we may be subject to preliminary and permanent injunctive relief and monetary damages which may be trebled in the case willful infringements.
 
Our financial performance could be adversely affected by actions of third parties that could subject us to litigation.  We could face liability for information retrieved or obtained from or transmitted over the internet by third parties and liability for products sold over the internet by third parties. We could be exposed to liability with respect to third party information that may be accessible through our websites, links or vehicle review services. These claims might, for example, be made for defamation, negligence, patent, copyright or trademark infringement, personal injury, breach of contract, unfair competition, false advertising, invasion of privacy or other legal theories based on the nature, content or copying of these materials. These claims might assert, among other things that, by directly or indirectly providing links to websites operated by third parties we should be liable for copyright or trademark infringement or other wrongful actions by such third parties through those websites. It is also possible that, if any third party content provided on our websites contains errors, consumers could make claims against us for losses incurred in reliance on such information. Any claims could result in costly litigation, divert management’s attention and resources, cause delays in releasing new or upgrading existing services or require us to enter into royalty or licensing agreements.
 
We also enter into agreements with other companies under which any revenues that results from the purchase or use of services through direct links to or from our websites or on our websites is shared. In addition, we acquire personal information and data in the form of Leads purchased from third party websites involving consumers who submitted personally identifiable information and data to the third parties and not directly to us. These arrangements may expose us to additional legal risks and uncertainties, including disputes with these parties regarding revenue sharing, local, state and federal government regulation and potential liabilities to consumers of these services, even if we do not provide the services ourselves or have direct contact with the consumer. These liabilities can include liability for violations by these third parties of laws, rules and regulations, including those related to data security and privacy laws and regulations; unsolicited email, text messaging, telephone or wireless voice marketing; and licensing. We have no assurance that any indemnification provided to us in our agreements with these third parties, if available, will be adequate.
 
Our financial performance could be materially and adversely affected by other litigation.  From time to time, we are involved in litigation or legal matters not related to intellectual property rights and arising from the normal course of our business activities. The actions filed against us and other litigation or legal matters, even if not meritorious, could result in substantial costs and diversion of resources and management attention and an adverse outcome in litigation could materially and adversely affect our financial performance. Our liability insurance may not cover all potential claims to which we are exposed and may not be adequate to indemnify us for all liability that may be imposed. Any imposition of liability that is not covered by insurance or is in excess of our insurance coverage could have a material adverse effect on our financial performance.
 
 
Our certificate of incorporation and bylaws, tax benefit preservation plan and Delaware law contain provisions that could discourage a third party from acquiring us or limit the price third parties are willing to pay for our stock.  
 
Provisions of our restated certificate of incorporation and bylaws relating to our corporate governance and provisions in our Tax Benefit Preservation Plan could make it difficult for a third party to acquire us, and could discourage a third party from attempting to acquire control of us. These provisions could limit the price that some investors might be willing to pay in the future for shares of our common stock and may have the effect of delaying or preventing a change in control. The issuance of preferred stock also could decrease the amount of earnings and assets available for distribution to the holders of common stock or could adversely affect the rights and powers, including voting rights, of the holders of the common stock.
 
Our restated certificate of incorporation allows us to issue preferred stock with rights senior to those of the common stock without any further vote or action by the stockholders. Our restated certificate of incorporation also provides that the board of directors is divided into three classes, which may have the effect of delaying or preventing changes in control or change in our management because less than a majority of the board of directors are up for election at each annual meeting. In addition, provisions in our restated certificate of incorporation and bylaws:
 
Require that actions to be taken by our stockholders may be taken only at an annual or special meeting of our stockholders and not by written consent;
Specify that special meetings of our stockholders can be called only by our board of directors, a committee of the board of directors, the Chairman of our board of directors or our President;
Establish advance notice procedures for stockholders to submit nominations of candidates for election to our board of directors and other proposals to be brought before a stockholders meeting;
Provide that our bylaws may be amended by our board of directors without stockholder approval;
Allow our board of directors to establish the size of our board of directors;
Provide that vacancies on our board of directors or newly created directorships resulting from an increase in the number of our directors may be filled only by a majority of directors then in office, even though less than a quorum; and
Do not give the holders of our common stock cumulative voting rights with respect to the election of directors.
 
These provisions could make it more difficult for stockholders to effect corporate actions such as a merger, asset sale or other change in control of us.
 
Under our Tax Benefit Preservation Plan, rights to purchase capital stock of the Company (“Rights”) have been distributed as a dividend at the rate of five Rights for each share of common stock.  Each Right entitles its holder, upon triggering of the Rights, to purchase one one-hundredth of a share of Series A Junior Participating Preferred Stock of the Company at a price of $73.00 (as this price may be adjusted under the Tax Benefit Preservation Plan) or, in certain circumstances, to instead acquire shares of common stock. The Rights will convert into a right to acquire common stock or other capital stock of the Company in certain circumstances and subject to certain exceptions.  The Rights will be triggered upon the acquisition of 4.90% or more of the Company’s outstanding common stock or future acquisitions by any existing holders of 4.90% or more of the Company’s outstanding common stock. If a person or group acquires 4.90% or more of our common stock, all Rights holders, except the acquirer, will be entitled to acquire at the then exercise price of a Right that number of shares of our common stock which, at the time, has a market value of two times the exercise price of the Right.  The Tax Benefit Preservation Plan authorizes our board of directors to exercise discretionary authority to deem a person acquiring common stock in excess of 4.90% not to be an “Acquiring Person” under the Tax Benefit Preservation Plan, and thereby not trigger the Rights, if the Board finds that the beneficial ownership of the shares by the person acquiring the shares will not be likely to directly or indirectly limit the availability to the Company of the net operating loss carryovers and other tax attributes that the plan is intended to preserve or  is otherwise in the best interests of the Company.
 
We are also subject to Section 203 of the Delaware General Corporation Law. In general, the statute prohibits a publicly-held Delaware corporation from engaging in a “business combination” with an “interested stockholder” for a period of three years after the date of the transaction in which the person became an interested stockholder, unless the business combination is approved in a prescribed manner. For purposes of Section 203, a “business combination” includes a merger, asset sale or other transaction resulting in a financial benefit to the interested stockholder, and an “interested stockholder” is a person who, together with affiliates and associates, owns or did own 15% or more of the corporation’s voting stock. Section 203 could discourage a third party from attempting to acquire control of us.
 
 
 
If our internal controls and procedures fail, our financial condition, results of operations and cash flow could be materially and adversely affected.
 
Pursuant to the Sarbanes-Oxley Act, management is responsible for establishing and maintaining adequate internal control over financial reporting. Our internal controls over financial reporting are processes designed to provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of financial reporting and the preparation of financial statements in accordance with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles. A material weakness is a control deficiency, or combination of control deficiencies, that results in a more than remote likelihood that a material misstatement of annual or interim financial statements will not be prevented or detected. Our ability to report our financial results on a timely and accurate basis could be adversely affected by a failure in our internal control over financial reporting. If our financial statements are not fairly presented, investors may not have an accurate understanding of our operating results and financial condition. If our financial statements are not timely filed with the SEC, we could be delisted from The Nasdaq Capital Market. If either or both of these events occur, it could have a material adverse effect on our ability to operate our business and the market price of our common stock. In addition, a failure in our internal control over financial reporting could materially and adversely affect our financial performance.
 
Our internal controls may not prevent all potential errors or fraud. Any control system, no matter how well designed and implemented, can only provide reasonable and not absolute assurance that the objectives of the control system will be achieved. We, or our independent registered public accountants, may identify material weaknesses in our internal controls which could adversely affect our ability to ensure proper financial reporting and could affect investor confidence in us and the price of our common shares. We previously disclosed in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2017, and in our Quarterly Reports on Form 10-Q for each interim period in 2018, material weaknesses in our internal control over financial reporting in respect to (i) evaluation and measurement of goodwill for impairment and (ii) valuation of deferred tax assets. Management implemented a number of remediation actions as discussed in Part II, Item 9A of this Annual Report on Form 10-K, and has had sufficient time to test the design and operating effectiveness during the three months ended December 31, 2018. As such, management has concluded that the material weaknesses described above were remediated as of December 31, 2018.
 
If we lose our key personnel or are unable to attract, train and retain additional highly qualified sales, marketing, managerial and technical personnel, our business may suffer.
 
Our future success depends on our ability to identify, hire, train and retain highly qualified sales, marketing, managerial and technical personnel.  In addition, as we introduce new services we may need to hire additional personnel. We may not be able to attract, assimilate or retain such personnel in the future. The inability to attract and retain the necessary executive, managerial, technical, sales and marketing personnel could have a material adverse effect on our financial performance.
 
Our business and operations are substantially dependent on the performance of our executive officers and key employees.  Each of these executive officers could be difficult to replace.  There is no guarantee that these or any of our other executive officers and key employees will remain employed with us. The loss of the services of one or more of our executive officers or key employees could have a material adverse effect on our financial performance.
 
Qualified individuals are in high demand, and we may incur significant costs to attract and retain them. In order to attract and retain executives and other key employees in a competitive marketplace, we must provide competitive compensation packages, including cash and stock-based compensation. Our primary forms of stock-based incentive awards are stock options and restricted stock. If the anticipated value of such stock-based incentive awards does not materialize, if our stock-based compensation otherwise ceases to be viewed as a valuable benefit, or if our total compensation package is not viewed as being competitive, our ability to attract, retain and motivate executives and key employees could be weakened.
 
Our current executives may view the business differently than prior members of management, and over time may make changes to our strategic focus, operations or business plans with corresponding changes in how we report our results of operations. We can make no assurances that our current executives will be able to properly manage any such shift in focus or that any changes to our business would ultimately prove successful. We cannot ensure that we will be able to retain the services of any members of our senior management or other key employees. If we do not succeed in attracting well-qualified employees, retaining and motivating existing employees or integrating new executives and employees, our business could be materially and adversely affected.

 
 
Item 1B.
Unresolved Staff Comments
 
Not applicable.
 
Item 2.
Properties
 
Our headquarters are located in Irvine, California. Our headquarters consist of approximately 33,000 square feet of leased office space under a lease that expires in July 2020. Our Tampa, Florida SEM operations are located in offices consisting of approximately 13,000 square feet under a lease that expires in May 2024. Our website development operations located in Guatemala City, Guatemala occupy approximately 10,000 square feet of leased office space under leases that expire in March 2020. We also have other operations located in Boston, Massachusetts under a 2,000 square foot office lease expiring in October 2020. We believe that our existing facilities are adequate to meet our needs and that existing needs and future growth can be accommodated by leasing alternative or additional space.
 
Item 3.
Legal Proceedings
 
From time to time, we may be involved in litigation matters arising from the normal course of our business activities. Litigation, even if not meritorious, could result in substantial costs and diversion of resources and management attention, and an adverse outcome in litigation could materially adversely affect our business, results of operations, financial condition, cash flows, earnings per share and stock price.
 
Item 4.
Mine Safety Disclosures
 
 Not applicable. 
 
PART II
 
Item 5.
Market for Registrant’s Common Equity, Related Stockholder Matters and Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities
 
Our common stock, par value $0.001 per share, is listed on The Nasdaq Capital Market and trades under the symbol “AUTO.”
 
As of March 5, 2019, there were 174 holders of record of our common stock. We have never declared or paid any cash dividends on our common stock and we do not expect to pay any cash dividends in the foreseeable future.  Payment of any future dividends will depend on our earnings, cash flows and financial condition and will be subject to legal and contractual restrictions.
 
Item 6.
Selected Financial Data
 
The tables below set forth our selected consolidated financial data.  We prepared this information using the consolidated financial statements of AutoWeb for the five years ended December 31, 2018.  Certain amounts in the selected consolidated financial data have been reclassified to conform to the current year presentation.  You should read these selected consolidated financial data together with the Consolidated Financial Statements and related Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements contained in this Annual Report on Form 10-K and also Item 7, “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations.”
 
 
 
Years ended December 31,
 
 
 
2018 (1)
 
 
2017 (2)
 
 
2016
 
 
2015
 
 
2014
 
 
 
(Amounts in thousands, except per-share data)
 
RESULTS OF OPERATIONS:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Total revenues
 $125,589 
 $142,125 
 $156,684 
 $133,226 
 $106,278 
Net income (loss)
 $(38,816)
 $(64,964)
 $3,871 
 $4,646 
 $3,411 
Basic earnings (loss) per common share
 $(3.04)
 $(5.48)
 $0.36 
 $0.47 
 $0.38 
Diluted earnings (loss) per common share
 $(3.04)
 $(5.48)
 $0.29 
 $0.37 
 $0.32 
Weighted average diluted shares
  12,756 
  11,853 
  13,303 
  12,662 
  11,212 
 
(1) 
Net loss in 2018 included DealerX license intangible asset impairment of $9.0 million, goodwill impairment of $5.1 million and customer relationship intangible asset impairment of $1.6 million.
(2) 
Net loss in 2017 included goodwill impairment of $37.7 million and $16.7 million recording of an income tax valuation allowance.
 
 
 
Years ended December 31,
 
 
 
2018
 
 
2017
 
 
2016
 
 
2015
 
 
2014
 
 
 
(Amounts in thousands)
 
FINANCIAL POSITION:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Cash and cash equivalents
 $13,600 
 $24,993 
 $38,512 
 $23,993 
 $20,747 
Total assets
 $57,416 
 $92,913 
 $165,281 
 $153,588 
 $104,749 
Non-current liabilities
 $ 
 $9,000 
 $16,500 
 $21,750 
 $11,061 
Accumulated deficit
 $(327,716)
 $(288,900)
 $(230,424)
 $(234,295)
 $(238,941)
Stockholders’ equity
 $33,515 
 $67,167 
 $119,609 
 $108,201 
 $69,258 
 
Item 7. 
Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations
 
You should read the following discussion of our results of operations and financial condition in conjunction with the “Risk Factors” included in Part I, Item 1A and our Consolidated Financial Statements and related Notes thereto included in Part II, Item 8 of this Annual Report on Form 10-K.  See also the discussion of “Forward-Looking Statements” immediately preceding Part I of this Annual Report on Form 10-K.
 
Overview
 
As reflected under the section “Results of Operations” in this Item 7, the decline in total revenue for 2018 compared to 2017 was primarily due to less efficient traffic acquisition, lower retail dealer count and lead volumes, a decrease in click revenue caused by lower pricing per click, and a decrease in display advertising revenues from a decline in traffic to our websites. We believe that a large part of the inefficiency in traffic acquisition was the result of increased traffic acquisition costs as we invest in new traffic acquisition strategies, as well as the consumer shift to mobile and our ability to efficiently convert traffic to leads. Cost of revenues increased compared to 2017 primarily due to increased traffic acquisition costs associated with both lead and click volume. Gross profit decreased compared to 2017 due to decreased revenue and increased cost of revenues reflected in the need to need to improve cost of revenue efficiency, with the major contributor to the increase in cost of revenues being the one-time impairment charge related to the DealerX License Agreement. As a percentage of total revenue, gross profit declined for 2018 compared to 2017, driven primarily by the decline in total revenues, increased traffic acquisition costs and the DealerX License Agreement impairment charge.
 
During the third quarter of 2018, we completed a comprehensive review of our products, traffic acquisition, pricing policies, distribution channels, technology infrastructure, strategic positioning and organizational capabilities. This review involved a significant change in key management and organizational structure. We moved into the fourth quarter of 2018 and the first quarter of 2019 with a plan that we intend to execute strategically. We will continue to work with our traffic partners to optimize our SEM methodologies and rebuild our high-quality traffic streams. We also expect to invest in new product development and technology infrastructure, and to continue to restructure our organization to better align with our revised strategy, which will likely result in material costs. We have begun to deploy various initiatives to address these issues, which began with addressing our lead generation capabilities to stabilize the declines in the largest part of our business, integrating our products to create a unified solution of leads, clicks and emails, and building out the team to execute on our strategy.
 
We cannot provide an exact timeframe for resolution of these issues, as we are early in the implementation of our revised strategy. However, our plan is designed to enable us to grow impressions, improve conversion, expand distribution, and increase capacity. We believe that this focus, along with plans to develop new, innovative products, will create opportunities for improved quality of delivery and strengthen our position for revenue growth. We now have our full senior leadership team in place. In addition to our new chief executive officer, we added a new chief financial officer, chief operating officer, chief technology officer and chief people officer, which we believe should increase the pace of change and improve operational execution. Through 2018, we largely focused on stabilizing the leads business as it comprises the majority of our revenue. Our next area of focus for 2019 will be on our click traffic product.
 
During 2018, we began to mobile enable our core new car lead generation websites, which led to improvements in conversion. Mobile enablement will be a considerable area of focus for us throughout 2019 as we evolve our sites to deliver a better experience for consumers to drive conversion. We anticipate that we will mobile enable the rest of our lead generation sites sometime in 2019. We also recently developed an approach to mobile enable our click traffic product. This is a critical next step in our mobile enablement plan. The click product allows us to more effectively monetize visits to our websites. Further, it provides our clients with a unique opportunity to engage consumers with relevant messaging in a unique format. We are in the early stages of testing of the mobile enablement of our click traffic product in the first quarter of 2019. We made progress implementing new traffic acquisition strategies and ramping our new click algorithm during the fourth quarter of 2018. However, there is still work to be done with the algorithm as we are seeing some benefits to revenue per click but not our click through rate. Ultimately, mobile optimization of our websites and products is the goal, and we still have a good bit of work to do in this area.
 
Expanding on the automotive industry at large, we expect total vehicle sales and the seasonally-adjusted annual rate to be down in 2019. LMC Automotive has forecasted 2019 U.S. total light vehicle sales and retail light-vehicle sales at 17.0 million and 13.7 million, respectively, representing declines in U.S. total light vehicle sales and retail light-vehicle sales of 1.9% and 1.5%, respectively, over 2018 sales. AutoNews has reported that light vehicle sales are off to the slowest start for a year since 2014, with year-to-date sales down about 3%. We believe it will be difficult for Manufacturers to maintain their historic volumes due to affordability challenges with interest rates and overall less Manufacturer incentives. However, we continue to believe we can operate well in this environment as we believe Dealers will seek out their highest return on investment marketing channels to drive sales. And with our detailed attribution and product quality improvements, we believe we will continue to have a strong place in their marketing budgets as we believe we are one of the most efficient marketing channels they have.
 
Although we are not able at this time to disclose any guidance as to 2019 financial performance with detail or accuracy, we do anticipate some level of volatility in our total revenues, cost of revenues, gross profit, and gross margin for 2019. We expect incremental cash burn to continue in the first half of 2019 as we invest in our people, products and technology. Our plan is to improve our liquidity and balance sheet through non-dilutive measures as we are currently in discussions with various banks for the establishment of a secured credit facility. We cannot provide any assurances that we will be successful in obtaining this line of credit or if it will be available to us on favorable terms.
 
Operating Metrics
 
We evaluate several key operating metrics that we believe are instrumental to understanding the direction of our business, including lead traffic, volume and sourcing; retail dealer count and lead capacity; click traffic, click volume and revenue per click; and lead quality.
 
Lead Traffic, Volume and Sourcing. Lead traffic is the number of consumers who visited our entire portfolio of owned lead websites during the applicable review period. Lead volume means the total new and used vehicle leads invoiced to retail and wholesale customers for the applicable review period. Lead sourcing reflects the source of our Leads, whether Internally-Generated Leads or Non-Internally-Generated Leads acquired from third parties. Although we are not able at this time to disclose guidance as to 2019 Lead traffic or Lead volume with any detail or accuracy, we do anticipate some level of volatility in our Lead traffic and Lead volume, and we anticipate that our Lead sourcing mix between Internally-Generated Leads and Non-Internally Generated Leads will vary as we balance quality and quantity of our core Lead product.
 
Retail Dealer Count and Capacity. Retail dealer count means the number of franchised dealers contracted for delivery of retail new vehicle Leads plus the number of vehicle dealers (franchised or independent) contracted for delivery of retail used vehicle Leads. Retail lead capacity means the sum of the number of new and used vehicle Leads contracted for by new or used retail vehicle Dealers that the Dealers wish to receive each month (i.e., “targets”) during the applicable review period. For 2019, we do not anticipate a straight-line trajectory for our distribution metrics that include Dealer count and Retail lead capacity as we continue to refine our strategy. We believe we have work to do to refine our distribution channel effectiveness and do a better job at ramping our relationships with the top 150 dealer groups in the United States. We expect some volatility for both dealer count and lead capacity during 2019 as we continue to evolve our engagement model for both retail dealers and the top 150 dealer groups.
 
Click Traffic and Volume and Revenue per Click. Click traffic means the total visits to Company-owned click referral websites during the applicable review period. Click volume means the number of times during the applicable review period that consumers clicked on advertisements on the Company’s click referral websites during the applicable review period. Revenue per click means the total click revenue divided by click volume for the applicable review period. We anticipate that click volume and revenue per click for the first quarter of 2019 will be down sequentially compared to the fourth quarter of 2018, as the customer mix is too weighted in terms of non-endemic (i.e., non-automotive) advertisers. We intend to continue to focus on shifting this mix back towards endemic (i.e., automotive) advertisers, and we are taking steps in this direction. However, this is an area that we believe will require several quarters of focus to get performance back to a level that is representative of what we believe is its true potential. 
 
Lead Quality. Our business, results of operations, and financial condition are impacted by the volume and quality of our Leads. We measure Lead quality by the conversion of Leads to actual vehicle sales, which we refer to as the “buy rate.” Buy rate is the percentage of the consumers submitting Leads that we delivered to our customers represented by the number of these consumers who purchased vehicles within ninety days of the date of the Lead submission. We rely on detailed feedback from Manufacturers and wholesale customers to confirm the performance of our Leads. Our Manufacturer and other wholesale customers each match the Leads we deliver to our customers against vehicle sales to provide us with information about vehicle purchases by the consumers who submitted Leads that we delivered to these customers. We also obtain vehicle registration data from a third-party provider. This information, together with our internal analysis allows us to estimate the buy rate for the consumers who submitted the Internally-Generated Leads that we delivered to our customers. Based on the most current information and our internal analysis, we have estimated that, on average, consumers who submit Internally-Generated Leads that we deliver to our customers have an estimated buy rate of approximately 17%. Buy rates that individual Dealers may achieve can be impacted by factors such as the strength of processes and procedures within the dealership to manage communications and follow up with consumers.
 
Results of Operations
 
The following table sets forth our results of operations as a percentage of total revenues for the years ended December 31, 2018, 2017 and 2016 (certain percentages below may not sum due to rounding):
 
 
 
 
Years Ended December 31,
 
 
 
2018
 
 
2017
 
 
2016
 
Revenues:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Lead fees
  77.2%
  75.3%
  83.4%
Advertising
  22.4 
  24.0 
  15.6 
Other revenues
  0.4 
  0.7 
  1.0 
Total revenues
  100.0 
  100.0 
  100.0 
Cost of revenues
  80.7 
  69.9 
  63.0 
Cost of revenues - impairment
  7.2 
   
   
Gross margin
  12.2 
  30.1 
  37.0 
Operating expenses:
    
    
    
Sales and marketing
  9.9 
  10.1 
  11.6 
Technology support
  11.0 
  8.8 
  8.9 
General and administrative
  12.8 
  8.5 
  9.4 
Depreciation and amortization
  3.9 
  3.4 
  3.2 
Goodwill impairment
  4.1 
  26.5 
   
Long-lived asset impairment
  1.6 
   
   
Total operating expenses
  43.3 
  57.2 
  33.1 
Operating income (loss)
  (31.1)
  (27.1)
  3.9 
Interest and other income (expense), net
  0.2 
  (0.7)
  0.4 
(Loss) income before income tax provision
  (30.9)
  (27.8)
  4.3 
Income tax provision
   
  17.9 
  1.8 
Net income (loss)
  (30.9)%
  (45.7)%
  2.5%
 
Revenues by groups of similar services and gross profits are as follows (dollars in thousands):
 
 
 
Years Ended December 31,
 
 
2018 vs. 2017 Change  
 
 
2017 vs. 2016 Change    
 
 
 
2018
 
 
2017
 
 
2016
 
 
$
 
 
  %  
 
 
$
 
 
    %    
 
Revenues:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
   
 
 
     
 
 
   
 
 
         
 
Lead fees
 $96,936 
 $107,045 
 $130,684 
 $(10,109)
  (9)%
 $(23,639)
  (18)%
Advertising
  28,169 
  34,142 
  24,508 
  (5,973)
  (17)
  9,634 
  39 
Other revenues
  484 
  938 
  1,492 
  (454)
  (48)
  (554)
  (37)
Total revenues
  125,589 
  142,125 
  156,684 
  (16,536)
  (12)
  (14,559)
  (9)
Cost of revenues
  101,315 
  99,352 
  98,771 
  1,963 
  2 
  581 
  1 
Cost of revenues - impairment
  9,014 
   
   
  9,014 
  100 
   
   
Gross profit
 $15,260 
 $42,773 
 $57,913 
 $(27,513)
  (64)%
 $(15,140)
  (26)%
 
2018 Compared to 2017
 
Lead fees. Lead fees revenues decreased $10.1 million, or 9%, compared to 2017 primarily due to less efficient traffic acquisition and lower retail dealer count and lead volumes.
 
Advertising. Advertising revenues decreased $6.0 million, or 17%, compared to 2017 due to a $4.9 million decrease in click revenue caused by lower pricing per click, coupled with a $1.1 million decrease in display advertising revenues from a decline in traffic to our website.
 

 
 
Other revenues. Other revenues decreased to $0.5 million compared to 2017 primarily due to lower customer utilization of the SaleMove product, which we ceased selling on November 30, 2018, and of our Textshield product.
 
Cost of Revenues. Cost of revenues consists of Lead and traffic acquisition costs and other costs. Lead and traffic acquisition costs consist of payments made to our third-party Lead providers, including internet portals and online automotive information providers, as well as SEM costs. Other cost of revenues consists of fees paid to third parties for data and content, including SEO activity, included on our properties, connectivity costs, development costs related to our websites, compensation related expense and technology license fees, server equipment depreciation and technology amortization directly related to the Company Websites. SEM, sometimes referred to as paid search marketing, is the practice of bidding on keywords on search engines to drive traffic to a website.
 
Cost of revenues increased $2.0 million compared to 2017 primarily due to increased traffic acquisition costs associated with both lead and click volume.
 
Cost of Revenues – Impairment. Cost of revenues-impairment expense of $9.0 million was recorded in the quarter ended September 30, 2018 due to the Company’s decision to terminate the support provisions of a perpetual license to use a third party’s platform and technology for targeted online marketing (“DealerX License Agreement”). This significantly impacted the usability of the domain and resulted in an impairment charge to the related intangible asset. The Company did not have a comparable charge in 2017.
 
Gross Profit. Gross profit decreased $27.5 million, or 64%, compared to 2017 due to decreased revenue and increased cost of revenues as discussed above. The major contributor to the increase in cost of revenues was the one-time impairment charge related to the DealerX License Agreement of $9.0 million, or 7% of total revenues. As a percentage of total revenue, gross profit was 12% and 30% for the years ended December 31, 2018 and 2017, respectively. The change was driven primarily by the $16.5 million decline in total revenues, $2.0 million increase in traffic acquisition costs and the $9.0 million impairment charge.
 
2017 Compared to 2016
 
Lead fees. Lead fees decreased $23.6 million or 18% in 2017 compared to 2016. The decrease in Lead fees was a result of the elimination of poor-quality traffic in the second quarter of 2017, decreased Lead sales to Dealers combined with increased Dealer churn and the disposal of our specialty finance leads product in December 2016.
 
Advertising.  The $9.6 million or 39% increase in advertising revenues in 2017 compared to 2016 was primarily due to an increase in click revenue as a result of both increased click volume and pricing.
 
Other revenues.  Other revenues decreased $0.6 million or 37% in 2017 compared to 2016.  The decrease in other revenues was primarily due to lower customer utilization of the mobile offerings and SaleMove product.
 
Cost of Revenues. The $0.6 million or 1% increase in cost of revenues in 2017 compared to 2016 was primarily due to the increased costs in traffic acquisition activity. Cost of revenues increased as a percentage of total revenues as a result of the $0.6 million increase in cost of revenues and the $23.6 million, or 18%, decrease in total revenues.
 
Operating expenses, interest and other income (expense) and income tax provision (benefit) were as follows (dollars in thousands):
 
 
 
Years Ended December 31,
 
 
2018 vs. 2017 Change  
 
 
2017 vs. 2016 Change  
 
 
 
2018  
 
 
2017  
 
 
2016
 
 

$
 
 
  %  
 
 

$
 
 
  %  
 
Operating expenses:
 
   
 
 
   
 
 
 
 
 
   
 
 
     
 
 
   
 
 
     
 
Sales and marketing
 $12,419 
 $14,315 
 $18,118 
 $(1,896)
  (13)%
 $(3,803)
  (21)%
Technology support
  13,838 
  12,567 
  13,986 
  1,271 
  10 
  (1,419)
  (10)
General and administrative
  16,077 
  12,001 
  14,613 
  4,076 
  34 
  (2,612)
  (18)
Depreciation and amortization
  4,897 
  4,781 
  5,068 
  116 
  2 
  (287)
  (6)
Goodwill impairment
  5,133 
  37,688 
   
  (32,555)
  (86)
  37,688 
   
Long-lived asset impairment
  1,968 
   
   
  1,968 
  100 
   
   
Total operating expenses
 $54,332 
 $81,352 
 $51,785 
 $(27,020)
  (33)%
 $29,567 
  57%
 
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
Interest and other income (expense), net
 $250 
 $(946)
 $558 
 $1,196 
 
  NM
%
 $(1,504)
 
  NM
%
 
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
Income tax provision (benefit)
 $(6)
 $25,439 
 $2,815 
 $(25,445)
  (100)%
 $22,624 
 
  NM
%
NM – Not meaningful
 
 
 
2018 Compared to 2017
 
Sales and Marketing. Sales and marketing expense includes costs for developing our brand, personnel costs, and other costs associated with Dealer sales, website advertising, Dealer support and bad debt expense.
 
Sales and marketing expense for the year ended December 31, 2018 decreased $1.9 million, or 13%, compared to the 2017 period primarily due to lower headcount-related costs and media spend, offset by severance costs.
 
Technology Support. Technology support includes compensation, benefits, software licenses and other direct costs incurred by the Company to enhance, manage, maintain, support, monitor and operate the Company’s websites and related technologies, and to operate the Company's internal technology infrastructure.
 
Technology support expense for the year ended December 31, 2018 increased $1.3 million, or 10%, compared to the year ended December 31, 2017. The change was due primarily to severance and other headcount-related costs, coupled with costs associated with realignment of the information technology function in the quarter ended September 30, 2018.
 
General and Administrative. General and administrative expense consists of certain executive, financial, human resources, legal and facilities personnel expenses and costs related to operating as a publicly-traded company.
 
General and administrative expense for the year ended December 31, 2018 increased $4.0 million, or 33%, compared to the 2017 period due primarily to $1.4 million in severance-related costs associated with the departure of the Company’s former chief executive officer in April 2018, coupled with increased compensation-related costs and professional fees.
 
Depreciation and Amortization. Depreciation and amortization expense for the year ended December 31, 2018 decreased $0.1 million to $4.9 million compared to $4.8 million in the 2017 period.
 
Goodwill impairment. During the quarter ended March 31, 2018, the Company performed an evaluation of enterprise goodwill for impairment due to the decline in the Company’s stock price. The carrying value of the Company was higher than its fair value based on market capitalization at that date and as a result, a non-cash impairment charge of $5.1 million was recorded. The prior year impairment analysis was completed in October 2017, which resulted in an impairment charge of $37.7 million.
 
Long-lived asset impairment. The Company records impairment losses on long-lived assets when events and circumstances indicate that the assets might be impaired. Events that may indicate that the assets might be impaired include, but are not limited to, a significant downturn in the economy, a loss of a major customer or group of customers or a significant decrease in the market value of an asset. During the third quarter of 2018, the Company recorded an impairment of approximately $0.4 million related to asset advances to SaleMove, Inc. (“SaleMove”), which were determined to be non-recoverable at September 30, 2018. In addition, approximately $1.6 million was recorded as an impairment to customer relationships related to a 2015 acquisition after an analysis determined a significant percentage of acquired customers were no longer part of the dealer base.
 
Interest and Other Income (Expense), net. Interest and other income (expense), net increased $1.2 million to net interest and other income of $0.3 million for the year ended December 31, 2018 compared to net interest and other expense of $0.9 million in the 2017 period. The change was due to a $0.7 million decrease in interest expense due to the payoff of term loans and a revolving line of credit during the fourth quarter of 2017 and the first quarter of 2018, respectively. In addition, during the fourth quarter of 2017, the Company recorded a $0.6 million loss on its investment in GoMoto, Inc. (“GoMoto”).
 
Income tax provision (benefit). Income tax benefit was $6,000 for the year ended December 31, 2018 compared to income tax expense of $25.4 million for the year ended December 31, 2017. The decrease in income tax expense was due to the impact of the TCJA, which lowered the effective tax rate for the year ended December 31, 2018 compared to the prior year period. In addition, the TCJA limits the Company’s annual deduction for business interest expense to an amount equal to 30% of the Company’s “adjusted taxable income” (as defined in the Internal Revenue Code) for the taxable year effective January 1, 2018. The amount of any business interest not allowed as a deduction for any taxable year may be carried forward indefinitely and utilized in future years, subject to this and other applicable interest deductibility limitations. Operating losses during the year ended December 31, 2018 did not result in any tax benefit due as valuation allowances were recorded against the deferred tax assets.
 
2017 Compared to 2016
 
Sales and Marketing. Sales and marketing expense for the year ended December 31, 2017 decreased by $3.8 million or 21% compared to the prior year, due to a decrease in overall headcount related expenses.
 
Technology Support. Technology support expense for the year ended December 31, 2017 decreased by $1.4 million or 10% compared to the prior year, primarily due to a decrease in headcount related costs.
 
General and Administrative. General and administrative expense for the year ended December 31, 2017 decreased by $2.6 million or 17% compared to the prior year. The decrease was due to a decrease in headcount related costs.
 
 
Depreciation and Amortization.  Depreciation and amortization expense for the year ended December 31, 2017 decreased $0.3 million or 6% from the year ended December 31, 2016 primarily due to some intangible assets becoming fully amortized during the year.
 
Goodwill impairment. We evaluate the carrying value of enterprise goodwill for impairment, at a minimum, on an annual basis. During 2017, we performed our annual impairment test by comparing the carrying value of the Company to its fair value based on market capitalization at that date. As a result of this testing, a non-cash impairment charge of $37.7 million was recorded during 2017.
 
Interest and Other Income (Expense), net. Interest and other (expense) was $0.9 million for the year ended December 31, 2017 compared to interest and other income of $0.6 million for the year ended December 31, 2016.  Interest expense was $0.8 million and $0.9 million for the years ended December 31, 2017 and 2016, respectively.  The year ended December 31, 2017 included an impairment charge of $0.6 million related to SaleMove. The year ended December 31, 2016 also included gain on disposal of the finance leads product of $2.2 million offset by a $0.8 million write-off related to our investment in GoMoto.
 
Income tax provision.  Income tax expense was $25.4 million for the year ended December 31, 2017 compared to income tax expense of $2.8 million for the year ended December 31, 2016.  The Company’s effective tax rate of (64.4)% for the year ended December 31, 2017 differed from the federal statutory rate principally as a result of deferred tax asset adjustments relating to the change in the U.S. federal rate, goodwill impairment, and establishing additional valuation allowances on our deferred tax assets. The Company’s effective tax rate of 42.1% for the year ended December 31, 2016 differed from the federal statutory rate principally as a result of deferred tax asset adjustments, state income taxes and permanent non-deductible tax items.
 
Segment Information
 
We conduct our business within one business segment, which is defined as providing digital marketing services to the automotive industry.  Our operations are aggregated into a single reportable operating segment based upon similar economic and operating characteristics as well as similar markets.  
 
 
Liquidity and Capital Resources
 
The table below sets forth a summary of our cash flow for the years ended December 31, 2018, 2017 and 2016 (dollars in thousands):
 
 
 
Years Ended December 31,
 
 
 
2018
 
 
2017
 
 
2016
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net cash (used in) provided by operating activities
 $(2,920)
 $11,488 
 $18,242 
Net cash used in investing activities
  (771)
  (10,402)
  (2,774)
Net cash used in financing activities
  (7,702)
  (14,605)
  (949)
 
Our principal sources of liquidity are our cash and cash equivalents and our cashflows from operations. Our cash and cash equivalents totaled $13.6 million as of December 31, 2018 compared to $25.0 million as of December 31, 2017.
 
On June 7, 2012, September 17, 2014, and September 6, 2017, we announced that the board of directors had authorized us to repurchase up to $2.0 million, $1.0 million, and $3.0 million, respectively, of our common stock. We repurchased 226,698 shares of our common stock with an average price of $8.37 per share during 2017. No shares were repurchased during 2018 or 2016. The authorization may be increased or otherwise modified, renewed, suspended or terminated by us at any time, without prior notice.  We may repurchase our common stock from time to time on the open market or in private transactions. Shares repurchased under this program have been retired and returned to the status of authorized and unissued shares.  We funded repurchases and anticipate that we would fund future repurchases through the use of available cash. The repurchase authorization does not obligate us to repurchase any particular number of shares.  The timing and actual number of repurchases of additional shares, if any, under our stock repurchase program will depend upon a variety of factors, including price, market conditions, release of quarterly and annual earnings, and other legal, regulatory, and corporate considerations at our sole discretion.  The impact of repurchases on our Tax Benefit Preservation Plan, as amended, and on the our use of net operating loss carryovers and other tax attributes if we were to experience an “ownership change,” as defined in Section 382 of the Internal Revenue Code, is also a factor that we consider in connection with share repurchases.  As of December 31, 2018, $2.3 million remains available for stock repurchases under the program.
 
 
The Company’s credit facility agreement with MUFG Union Bank, N.A. terminated on March 31, 2018, upon repayment of all outstanding borrowings under the agreement.
 
We believe that our cash and cash equivalents and cashflows from operations will be sufficient to meet our working capital requirements for the next 12 months. However, our future capital requirements will depend on many factors, including but not limited to, implementing new strategic plans, modernizing and upgrading our technology and systems, pursuing business objectives and responding to business opportunities, challenges or unforeseen circumstances, developing new or improving existing products or services, enhancing our operating infrastructure and acquiring complementary businesses and technologies. To the extent that our existing liquidity is insufficient to fund our future activities, we may need to engage in equity or debt financings to secure additional funds. However, additional funds may not be available when we need them, on terms that are acceptable to us, or at all.
 
Net Cash Provided by (Used in) Operating Activities.  Net cash used in operating activities totaled $2.9 million for the year ended December 31, 2018 compared to cash provided of $11.5 million in the prior year. Net cash used in 2018 was due primarily to a net loss of $38.8 million, offset by a $16.1 million non-cash charge related to the impairment of goodwill and intangible assets, $14.5 million in other non-cash expenses including depreciation and share-based compensation, and a net change in assets and liabilities of $5.3 million.
 
Net cash provided by operating activities in 2017 of $11.5 million resulted primarily from net loss of $65.0 million, adjustments for non-cash charges to earnings of $75.9 million and an increase in working capital.
 
Net Cash Used in Investing Activities.  Net cash used in investing activities of $0.8 million in 2018 primarily related to purchase of property and equipment and expenditures related to capitalized internal use software of $0.9 million, offset by $0.1 million in proceeds from the sale of the SaleMove investment.
 
Net cash used in investing activities of $10.4 million in 2017 primarily consisted of $1.8 million in purchases of property and equipment and expenditures related to capitalized internal use software and $8.6 million used to purchase intangible assets.
 
Net Cash Used in Financing Activities. Net cash used in financing activities of $7.7 million in 2018 primarily consisted of payments of $8.0 million to pay down the revolving credit facility in March 2018, offset by proceeds of $0.3 million from the issuance of common stock.
 
Net cash used in financing activities of $14.6 million in 2017 consisted of payments on term loan borrowings of $14.1 million and cash used to repurchase Company common stock of $1.9 million.  Stock options for 248,344 shares of the Company’s common stock were exercised in the year ended December 31, 2017, resulting in $1.4 million of cash inflow.
 
Contractual Obligations
 
The following table provides aggregated information about our outstanding contractual obligations as of December 31, 2018 (in thousands):
 
 
 
Total
 
 
Less than 1 year
 
 
1-3 years
 
 
3-5 years
 
 
More than 5 years
 
Long-term Debt Obligations (a)
 $1,000 
 $1,000 
 $ 
 $ 
 $ 
Operating Lease Obligations (b)
  4,208 
  1,497 
  1,581 
  931 
  199 
Total
 $5,208 
 $2,497 
 $1,581 
 $931 
 $199 
 
 (a) 
Long-term debt obligations as defined by ASC 470, “Debt,” and disclosed in Note 6 of the consolidated financial statements included in Part II, Item 8 of this Annual Report on Form 10-K.
 
(b) 
Operating lease obligations as defined by ASC 840, “Leases,” and disclosed in Note 8 of the consolidated financial statements included in Part II, Item 8 of this Annual Report on Form 10-K.
 
Off-Balance Sheet Arrangements
 
We do not have any material off-balance sheet arrangements.
 
Critical Accounting Policies and Estimates
 
 Our significant accounting policies are discussed in Note 2 – Summary of Significant Accounting Policies of the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements included in Part II, Item 8 - Financial Statements and Supplementary Data. We consider the accounting policies described below to be critical in preparing our consolidated financial statements. These policies require us to make estimates and judgments that affect the reported amounts of certain assets, liabilities, revenues, expenses and related disclosures of contingencies. Our assumptions, estimates and judgments are based on historical experience, current trends and other factors to be relevant at the time we prepare the consolidated financial statements. Although our estimates and assumptions are reasonable, we cannot determine future events. Consequently, actual results could differ materially from our assumptions and estimates.
 
Revenue Recognition. Revenue is recognized when the Company transfers control of promised goods or services to the Company’s customers, or when the Company satisfies any performance obligations under contract. The amount of revenue recognized reflects the consideration the Company expects to be entitled to in exchange for respective goods or services provided. Further, under Accounting Standards Codification (“ASC”) 606, Revenue from Contracts with Customers, contract assets or contract liabilities that arise from past performance but require further performance before obligation can be fully satisfied must be identified and recorded on the balance sheet until respective settlements have been met.
 
The Company performs the following steps in order to properly determine revenue recognition and identify relevant contract assets and contract
liabilities:
 
identify the contract with a customer;
identify the performance obligations in the contract;
determine the transaction price;
allocate the transaction price to the performance obligations in the contract; and
recognize revenue when, or as, the Company satisfies a performance obligation.
 
The Company earns revenue by providing Leads, advertising, and mobile products and services used by Dealers and Manufacturers in their efforts to market and sell new and used vehicles to consumers. The Company enters into contracts that can include various combinations of products and services, which are generally capable of being distinct and accounted for as separate performance obligations. The Company records revenue on distinct performance obligations at a single point in time, when control is transferred to the customer.
 
Allowances for Bad Debts and Customer Credits.  The allowance for bad debts is an estimate of bad debt expense that could result from the inability or refusal of customers to pay for services. Additions to the estimated allowance for bad debts are recorded to sales and marketing expenses and are based on factors such as historical write-off percentages, the current business environment and known concerns within the current aging of accounts receivable. Reductions in the estimated allowance for bad debts due to subsequent cash recoveries are recorded as a decrease in sales and marketing expenses. As specific bad debts are identified, they are written-off against the previously established estimated allowance for bad debts with no impact on operating expenses.
 
The allowance for customer credits is an estimate of adjustments for services that do not meet the customer requirements. Additions to the estimated allowance for customer credits are recorded as a reduction of revenues and are based on the Company’s historical experience of: (i) the amount of credits issued; (ii) the length of time after services are rendered that the credits are issued; (iii) other factors known at the time; and (iv) future expectations. Reductions in the estimated allowance for customer credits are recorded as an increase in revenues. As specific customer credits are identified, they are written-off against the previously established estimated allowance for customer credits with no impact on revenues.
 
If there is a decline in the general economic environment that negatively affects the financial condition of the Company’s customers or an increase in the number of customers that are dissatisfied with their services, additional estimated allowances for bad debts and customer credits may be required, and the impact on the Company’s business, results of operations, financial condition, earnings per share, cash flow or the trading price of our stock could be material.
 
Capitalized Internal Use Software and Website Development Costs.  The Company capitalizes costs to develop internal use software in accordance with ASC 350-40, Internal-Use Software, and ASC 350-50, Website Development Costs, which require the capitalization of external and internal computer software costs and website development costs, respectively, incurred during the application development stage. The application development stage is characterized by software design and configuration activities, coding, testing and installation. Training and maintenance costs are expensed as incurred while upgrades and enhancements are capitalized if it is probable that such expenditures will result in additional functionality. Capitalized internal use software development costs are amortized using the straight-line method over an estimated useful life of three to five years. Capitalized website development costs, once placed in service, are amortized using the straight-line method over the estimated useful life of the related websites.
 
 
Impairment of Long-Lived Assets and Intangible Assets.  The Company periodically reviews long-lived amortizing assets to determine if there is any impairment of these assets. The Company assesses the impairment of these assets, or the need to accelerate amortization, whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying value may not be recoverable. Judgments regarding the existence of impairment indicators are based on legal factors, market conditions and operational performance of the long-lived assets and other intangibles. Future events could cause the Company to conclude that impairment indicators exist and that the assets should be reviewed to determine their fair value. The Company assesses the assets for impairment based on the estimated future undiscounted cash flows expected to result from the use of the assets and their eventual disposition. If the carrying amount of an asset exceeds its estimated future undiscounted cash flows, an impairment loss is recorded for the excess of the asset’s carrying amount over its fair value. Fair value is generally determined based on a valuation process that provides an estimate of a fair value of these assets using a discounted cash flow model, which includes many assumptions and estimates. Once the valuation is determined, the Company would write-down these assets to their determined fair value, if necessary. Any write-down could have a material adverse effect on the Company’s financial condition and results of operations.
 
Share-Based Compensation.  The Company grants restricted stock and stock option awards (the “Awards”) under several of its share-based compensation plans.  The Company recognizes share-based compensation based on the Awards’ fair value, net of estimated forfeitures on a straight-line basis over the requisite service periods, which is generally over the awards’ respective vesting period, or on an accelerated basis over the estimated performance periods for options with performance conditions.  Restricted stock fair value is measured on the grant date based on the quoted market price of the Company’s common stock, and the stock option fair value is estimated on the grant date using the Black-Scholes option pricing model based on the underlying common stock closing price as of the date of grant, the expected term, stock price volatility and risk-free interest rates.
 
Income Taxes.  The Company accounts for income taxes under the asset and liability method. Deferred tax assets and liabilities are recognized for the future tax consequences attributable to temporary differences between the financial statement carrying amounts of existing assets and liabilities and their respective tax bases. Deferred tax assets and liabilities are measured using enacted tax rates expected to apply to taxable income in the years in which those temporary differences are expected to be recovered or settled. The effect on deferred tax assets and liabilities of a change in tax rates is recognized in income in the period that includes the enactment date. The Company records a valuation allowance, if necessary, to reduce deferred tax assets to an amount it believes is more likely than not to be realized.
 
 Recent Accounting Pronouncements
 
See Note 2 of the “Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements” in Part II, Item 8, Financial Statements and Supplementary Data of this Annual Report on Form 10-K for recent accounting pronouncements.
 
Item 7A.
Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures about Market Risk
 
The Company does not use financial instruments for trading.  
 
Item 8.
Financial Statements and Supplementary Data
 
Our Consolidated Balance Sheets as of December 31, 2018 and 2017 and our Consolidated Statements of Operations and Comprehensive Income (Loss), Stockholders’ Equity and Cash Flows for each of the years in the three-year period ended December 31, 2018, together with the report of our independent registered public accounting firm, begin on page F-1 of this Annual Report on Form 10-K and are incorporated herein by reference.
 
Item 9.
Changes in and Disagreements with Accountants on Accounting and Financial Disclosure
 
None.
 
Item 9A.
Controls and Procedures
 
Disclosure Controls and Procedures
 
We have established and maintain disclosure controls and procedures that are designed to ensure that material information relating to the Company and its subsidiaries required to be disclosed by us in the reports that are filed under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (“Exchange Act”), is recorded, processed, summarized and reported in the time periods specified in the SEC’s rules and forms, and that this information is accumulated and communicated to our management, including our chief executive officer and chief financial officer, as appropriate to allow timely decisions regarding required disclosure. In designing and evaluating the disclosure controls and procedures, management recognized that any controls and procedures, no matter how well designed and operated, can provide only a reasonable assurance of achieving the desired control objectives, and management was necessarily required to apply its judgment in evaluating the cost-benefit relationship of possible controls and procedures.
 
 
Under the supervision and with the participation of our management, including our chief executive officer and chief financial officer, we conducted an evaluation of the effectiveness of the design and operation of our disclosure controls and procedures as of December 31, 2018. Based on this evaluation, the chief executive officer and chief financial officer concluded that the Company’s disclosure controls and procedures were effective as of December 31, 2018.
 
Management’s Report on Internal Control Over Financial Reporting
 
Our management is responsible for establishing and maintaining adequate internal control over financial reporting as defined in Rule 13a-15(f) and 15(d)-15(f) of the Exchange Act. The Company's internal control over financial reporting is a process designed to provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of financial reporting and the preparation of financial statements for external purposes in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles.
 
The Company's internal controls over financial reporting includes those policies and procedures that pertain to the maintenance of records that, in reasonable detail, accurately and fairly reflect the transactions and dispositions of the assets of the Company; provide reasonable assurance that transactions are recorded as necessary to permit preparation of financial statements in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles; provide reasonable assurance that receipts and expenditures of the Company are being made only in accordance with authorizations of management and directors of the Company; and provide reasonable assurance regarding prevention or timely detection of unauthorized acquisition, use, or disposition of the Company's assets that could have a material effect on the financial statements.
 
Because of its inherent limitations, internal controls over financial reporting may not prevent or detect misstatements or fraud. Also, projections of any evaluation of effectiveness to future periods are subject to the risk that controls may become inadequate because of changes in conditions, or that the degree of compliance with the policies or procedures may deteriorate.
 
Under the supervision and with the participation of management, including the Company’s chief executive officer and chief financial officer, management conducted an evaluation of the effectiveness of the Company’s internal control over financial reporting as of December 31, 2018. In making this assessment, management used the framework established in Internal Control-Integrated Framework (2013) issued by the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission. Based on this assessment, management has concluded that the Company's internal control over financial reporting was effective as of December 31, 2018. Management reviewed the results of its assessment with the Audit Committee of the board of directors.
 
Remediation of Material Weaknesses in Internal Control Over Financial Reporting
 
We previously disclosed in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2017, and in our Quarterly Reports on Form 10-Q for each interim period in 2018, material weaknesses in our internal controls over financial reporting in evaluating and measuring goodwill for impairment and valuation of deferred tax assets. A material weakness is a deficiency, or a combination of deficiencies, in internal control over financial reporting, such that there is a reasonable possibility that a material misstatement of our annual or interim financial statements will not be prevented or detected on a timely basis.
 
In order to remediate the material weaknesses identified, we undertook a number of actions with the oversight of the Audit Committee of the Board of Directors. The following steps were taken to remediate the conditions leading to the above stated material weaknesses:
 
(i)
Material weakness related to evaluation and measurement of goodwill impairment:
 
Management has implemented procedures to evaluate and review goodwill and other intangibles, including review of reports prepared by third parties for completeness and accuracy.
Management has identified and designed key controls to include quantitative and qualitative factors to indicate whether an impairment exists.
 
(ii)
Material weakness related to valuation of deferred tax assets:
 
Management has implemented procedures to review third party prepared reports for completeness and accuracy.
Management and the third-party preparer discuss all significant elements of the prepared reports with evidence of this review.
 
 
 
Management has implemented the remediation actions discussed above and has completed the testing of the design and operating effectiveness of the new procedures and controls. As a result, as of December 31, 2018, management concluded the Company has remediated the previously reported material weaknesses in the internal controls over financial reporting.

Changes in Internal Control Over Financial Reporting
 
Other than with respect to the material weaknesses discussed above that were identified during the audit of fiscal year ended December 31, 2017 and subsequently remediated as of December 31, 2018, there have been no changes in the Company’s internal controls over financial reporting (as defined in Rule 13a-15(f) under the Exchange Act) during the three months ended December 31, 2018, that has materially affected, or is reasonably likely to materially affect, the Company’s internal control over financial reporting.
 
Item 9B.
Other Information
 
 Not applicable.
 
PART III
 
Information called for by the Items included under this Part III is incorporated by reference to the sections listed below of our definitive Proxy Statement for our 2019 Annual Meeting of Stockholders that will be filed not later than 120 days after December 31, 2018 (“2019 Proxy Statement”).
 
Item 10.
Directors, Executive Officers and Corporate Governance
 
The information called for by this Item 10 is incorporated by reference to the following sections of the 2019 Proxy Statement: “Proposal 1-Nomination and Election of Directors;” “Board of Directors;” “Executive Officers;” “Section 16(a) Beneficial Ownership Reporting Compliance;” and the following paragraphs under the section “Corporate Governance Matters,” “--Committees of the Board of Directors—Audit Committee,” and “--Code of Conduct and Ethics.”
 
Item 11.
Executive Compensation
 
The information called for in this Item 11 is incorporated by reference to the following sections of the 2019 Proxy Statement: “Executive Compensation” and “Corporate Governance Matters--Compensation Committee Interlocks and Insider Participation” and “--Board’s Role in Oversight of Risk.”
 
Item 12.
Security Ownership of Certain Beneficial Owners and Management and Related Stockholder Matters
 
The information called for in this Item 12 is incorporated by reference to the following sections of the 2019 Proxy Statement: “Security Ownership of Certain Beneficial Owners and Management” and “Executive Compensation--Equity Compensation Plans.”
 
Item 13.
Certain Relationships and Related Transactions, and Director Independence
 
The information called for in this Item 13 is incorporated by reference to the following sections of the 2019 Proxy Statement: “Corporate Governance Matters--Certain Relationships and Related Party Transactions” and “--Director Independence.”
 
Item 14.
Principal Accounting Fees and Services
 
The information called for in this Item 14 is incorporated by reference to the following sections of the 2019 Proxy Statement: “Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm and Audit Committee Report--Principal Accountant Fees and Services,” “--Audit Fees,” “--Audit Related Fees,” and “--Pre-Approval Policy for Services.”
 
 
PART IV
 
Item 15. 
Exhibits and Financial Statement Schedules
 
(a) The following documents are filed as a part of this Annual Report on Form 10-K:
 
(1) 
Financial Statements:
 
 
 
 
Page
 
 
 
F-1
 
 
 
F-2
 
 
 
F-3
 
 
 
F-4
 
 
 
F-5
 
 
 
F-6
 
 
 
F-7
 
 
(2) 
Financial Statement Schedules:
 
 
 
F-28
 
 
  All other schedules have been omitted since the required information is presented in the financial statements and the related notes or is not applicable.
 
(3) 
Exhibits:
 
  The exhibits filed or furnished as part of this Annual Report on Form 10-K are those listed in the following Exhibit Index.
 
 
EXHIBIT INDEX
 
Number
Description
 
 
Asset Purchase and Sale Agreement dated as of December 19, 2016 by and among Company, Car.com, Inc., a Delaware corporation, and Internet Brands, Inc., a Delaware corporation, incorporated by reference to Exhibit 2.1 to the Current Report on Form 8-K filed with the SEC on December 21, 2016 (SEC File No. 001-34761).
 
 
Sixth Restated Certificate of Incorporation of AutoWeb, Inc. (filed with the Secretary of the State of Delaware on October 9, 2017), incorporated by reference to Exhibit 3.4 to the Current Report on Form 8-K filed with the SEC on October 10, 2017 (SEC File No. 001-34761).
 
 
Seventh Amended and Restated Bylaws of AutoWeb dated October 9, 2017, incorporated by reference to Exhibit 3.5 to the to the Current Report on Form 8-K filed with the SEC on October 10, 2017 (SEC File No. 001-34761).
 
 
Tax Benefit Preservation Plan dated as of May 26, 2010 between Company and Computershare Trust Company, N.A., as rights agent, together with the following exhibits thereto: Exhibit A – Form of Right Certificate; and Exhibit B – Summary of Rights to Purchase Shares of Preferred Stock of Company, incorporated by reference to Exhibit 4.1 to the Current Report on Form 8-K filed with the SEC on June 2, 2010 (SEC File No. 000-22239), Amendment No. 1 to Tax Benefit Preservation Plan dated as of April 14, 2014, between Company and Computershare Trust Company, N.A., as rights agent, incorporated by reference to Exhibit 4.1 to the Current Report on Form 8-K filed with the SEC on April 16, 2014 (SEC File No. 001-34761), Amendment No. 2 to Tax Benefit Preservation Plan dated as of April 13, 2017, between Company and Computershare Trust Company, N.A., as rights agent, incorporated by reference to Exhibit 4.1 to the Current Report on Form 8-K filed with the SEC on April 14, 2017 (SEC File No. 001-34761).
 
 
Certificate of Adjustment Under Section 11(m) of the Tax Benefit Preservation Plan, incorporated by reference to Exhibit 4.3 to the Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the Quarterly Period ended September 30, 2012 filed with the SEC on November 8, 2012 (SEC File No. 001-34761).
 
 
10.1■
 
Autobytel.com Inc. 1999 Employee and Acquisition Related Stock Option Plan, incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.1 to the Registration Statement on Form S-8 filed with the SEC on November 1, 1999 (SEC File No. 333-90045), as amended by Amendment No. 1 dated December 5, 2001 to the Autobytel.com Inc. 1999 Employee and Acquisition Related Stock Option Plan, and Form of Stock Option Agreement under the Autobytel.com Inc. 1999 Employee and Acquisition Related Stock Option Plan, incorporated by reference to Exhibits (d)(10) and (d)(16), respectively, to the Schedule TO-I filed with the SEC on December 14, 2001 (SEC File No. 005-58067), and Amendment No. 2 to the Autobytel.com Inc. 1999 Employee and Acquisition Related Stock Option Plan dated May 1, 2009, incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.86 to the Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the Quarterly Period ended June 30, 2009 filed with the SEC on July 24, 2009 (SEC File No. 000-22239).
 
 
10.2■
Form of Employee Stock Option Agreement under the Autobytel.com Inc. 1998 Stock Option Plan and the Autobytel.com Inc. 1999 Employee and Acquisition Related Stock Option Plan, incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.2 to the Current Report on Form 8-K filed with the SEC on October 3, 2008 (SEC File No. 000-22239).
 
 
10.3■
Autobytel.com Inc. 2000 Stock Option Plan, incorporated by reference to Exhibit 99.1 to the Registration Statement on Form S-8 filed with the SEC on June 15, 2000 (SEC File No. 333-39396); as amended by Amendment No. 1 dated December 5, 2001 to the Autobytel.com Inc. 2000 Stock Option Plan and Form of Stock Option Agreement under the Autobytel.com Inc. 2000 Stock Option Plan, incorporated by reference to Exhibits (d)(12) and (d)(17), respectively, to the Schedule TO-I, filed with the SEC on December 14, 2001 (SEC File No. 005-58067); Amendment No. 2 to the Autobytel.com Inc. 2000 Stock Option Plan, incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.46 to the Annual Report on Form 10-K for the Year Ended December 31, 2001 filed with the SEC on March 22, 2002 (SEC File No. 000-22239); and as amended by Amendment No. 3 to the Autobytel.com Inc. 2000 Stock Option Plan dated May 1, 2009, incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.87 to the Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the Quarterly Period ended June 30, 2009 filed with the SEC on July 24, 2009 (SEC File No. 000-22239)
 
 
 
 
10.4■
Autobytel Inc. Amended and Restated 2001 Restricted Stock and Option Plan, incorporated by reference to Exhibit 4.7 to the Post-Effective Amendment to Registration Statement on Form S-8 filed with the SEC on July 31, 2003 (SEC File No. 333-67692); as amended by Amendment No. 1 to the Autobytel Inc. Amended and Restated 2001 Restricted Stock and Option Plan dated May 1, 2009, incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.88 to the Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the Quarterly Period ended June 30, 2009 filed with the SEC on July 24, 2009 (SEC File No. 000-22239)and Form of Restricted Stock Award Agreement under the Autobytel Inc. Amended and Restated 2001 Restricted Stock and Option Plan, incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.1 to the Current Report on Form 8-K filed with the SEC on October 3, 2008 (SEC File No. 000-22239); Form of Employee Stock Option Agreement under the Autobytel Inc. Amended and Restated 2001 Restricted Stock and Option Plan, incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.8 to the Annual Report on Form 10-K for the Year Ended December 31, 2014 filed with the SEC on February 26, 2015 (SEC File No. 001-34761).
 
 
10.5■
 
Autobytel Inc. 2004 Restricted Stock and Option Plan and Form of Employee Stock Option Agreement under the Autobytel Inc. 2004 Restricted Stock and Option Plan, incorporated by reference to Exhibits 4.8 and 4.9, respectively, to the Registration Statement on Form S-8 filed with the SEC on June 28, 2004 (SEC File No. 333-116930); as amended by Amendment No. 1 to the Autobytel Inc. 2004 Restricted Stock and Option Plan dated May 1, 2009, incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.89 to the Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the Quarterly Period ended June 30, 2009 filed with the SEC on July 24, 2009 (SEC File No. 000-22239); Form of Outside Director Stock Option Agreement under the Autobytel Inc. 2004 Restricted Stock and Option Plan, incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.2 to the Current Report on Form 8-K filed with the SEC on November 3, 2004 (SEC File No. 000-22239); Form of Stock Option Agreement under the Autobytel Inc. 2004 Restricted Stock and Option Plan, incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.65 to the Annual Report on Form 10-K for the Year Ended December 31, 2004 filed with the SEC on May 31, 2005 (SEC File No. 000-22239); and Form of Outside Director Stock Option Agreement and Form of Letter Agreement (amending certain stock option agreements with Outside Directors) under the 2004 Restricted Stock and Option Plan, incorporated by reference to Exhibits 10.1 and 10.2 to the Current Report on Form 8-K filed with the SEC on September 14, 2005 (SEC File No. 000-22239).
 
 
10.6■
 
Autobytel Inc. 2006 Inducement Stock Option Plan and Form of Employee Inducement Stock Option Agreement, incorporated by reference to Exhibits 4.9 and 4.10, respectively, to the Registration Statement on Form S-8 filed with the SEC on June 16, 2006 (SEC File No. 333-135076); and as amended by Amendment No. 1 to the Autobytel Inc. 2006 Inducement Stock Option Plan dated May 1, 2009, incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.90 to the Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the Quarterly Period ended June 30, 2009 filed with the SEC on July 24, 2009 (SEC File No. 000-22239).
 
 
10.7■
Autobytel Inc. 2010 Equity Incentive Plan, incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.2 to the Current Report on Form 8-K filed with the SEC on June 25, 2010 (SEC File No. 001-34761); Form of Employee Stock Option Award Agreement, Form of 2012 Performance-Based Stock Option Award Agreement, Form of Non-Employee Director Stock Option Award Agreement and Form of (Management) Employee Stock Option Award Agreement under the Autobytel Inc. 2010 Equity Incentive Plan, incorporated by reference to Exhibits 10.5810.5910.60 and 10.61, respectively, to the Annual Report on Form 10-K for the Year Ended December 31, 2011 filed with the SEC on March 1, 2012 (SEC File No. 001-34761); and Form of 2013 Performance-Based Stock Option Award Agreement under the Autobytel Inc. 2010 Equity Incentive Plan, incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.79 to the Annual Report on Form 10-K for the Year Ended December 31, 2012 filed with the SEC on February 28, 2013 (SEC File No. 001-34761).
 
 
10.8■
AutoWeb, Inc. (formerly Autobytel Inc.) 2014 Equity Incentive Plan, incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.1 to the Current Report on Form 8-K filed with the SEC on June 23, 2014 (SEC File No. 001-34761); Amended and Restated AutoWeb, Inc. (formerly Autobytel Inc.) 2014 Equity Incentive Plan (supersedes and replaces the AutoWeb, Inc. (formerly Autobytel Inc.) 2014 Equity Incentive Plan filed under Exhibit 10.1 to the Current Report on Form 8-K filed with the SEC on June 23, 2014 (SEC File No. 001-34761), incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.11 to the Annual Report on Form 10-K for the Year Ended December 31, 2017 filed with the SEC on March 15, 2018 (SEC File No. 001-34761); Form of Non-Employee Director Stock Option Award Agreement under the Amended and Restated AutoWeb, Inc. (formerly Autobytel Inc.) 2014 Equity Incentive Plan, incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.12 on the Annual Report on Form 10-K for the Year Ended December 31, 2017 filed with the SEC on March 15, 2018 (SEC File No. 001-34761); Form of Executive Stock Option Award Agreement under the Amended and Restated AutoWeb, Inc. (formerly Autobytel Inc.) 2014 Equity Incentive Plan, incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.13 on the Annual Report on Form 10-K for the Year Ended December 31, 2017 filed with the SEC on March 15, 2018 (SEC File No. 001-34761); Form of Non-Executive Employee Stock Option Award Agreement under the Amended and Restated AutoWeb, Inc. (formerly Autobytel Inc.) 2014 Equity Incentive Plan, incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.14 on the Annual Report on Form 10-K for the Year Ended December 31, 2017 filed with the SEC on March 15, 2018 (SEC File No. 001-34761); Form of Subsidiary Employee Stock Option Award Agreement under the Amended and Restated AutoWeb, Inc. (formerly Autobytel Inc.) 2014 Equity Incentive Plan, incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.15 on the Annual Report on Form 10-K for the Year Ended December 31, 2017 filed with the SEC on March 15, 2018 (SEC File No. 001-34761); Form of Restricted Stock Award Agreement under the Amended and Restated AutoWeb, Inc. (formerly Autobytel Inc.) 2014 Equity Incentive Plan, incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.16 on the Annual Report on Form 10-K for the Year Ended December 31, 2017 filed with the SEC on March 15, 2018 (SEC File No. 001-34761).
 
 
 
 
AutoWeb, Inc. 2018 Equity Incentive Plan, incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.1 on the Current Report on Form 8-K filed with the SEC on June 27, 2018 (SEC File No. 001-34761).
 
 
Form of Non-Employee Director Stock Option Award Agreement (Non-Qualified Stock Option) under the AutoWeb, Inc. 2018 Equity Incentive Plan, incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.8 to the Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the Quarterly Period ended June 30, 2018 filed with the SEC on August 2, 2018 (SEC File No. 001-34761).
 
 
Form of Employee Stock Option Award Agreement (Non-Qualified Stock Option) (Executive) under the AutoWeb, Inc. 2018 Equity Incentive Plan, incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.9 on the Quarterly Period ended June 30, 2018 filed with the SEC on August 2, 2018 (SEC File No. 001-34761).
 
 
Form of Employee Stock Option Award Agreement (Non-Qualified Stock Option) (Non-Executive) under the AutoWeb, Inc. 2018 Equity Incentive Plan, incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.10 on the Quarterly Period ended June 30, 2018 filed with the SEC on August 2, 2018 (SEC File No. 001-34761).
 
 
Form of Restricted Stock Award Agreement under the AutoWeb, Inc. 2018 Equity Incentive Plan, incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.11 on the Quarterly Period ended June 30, 2018 filed with the SEC on August 2, 2018 (SEC File No. 001-34761).
 
 
10.14■
Form of Amended and Restated Indemnification Agreement between Company and its directors and officers, incorporated by reference to Exhibit 99.1 to the Current Report on Form 8-K filed with the SEC on July 22, 2010 (SEC File No. 001-34761).
 
 
Form of Indemnification Agreement between the Company and its directors and officers, incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.24 to the Annual Report on Form 10-K for the Year Ended December 31, 2017 filed with the SEC on March 15, 2018 (SEC File No. 001-34761).
 
 
Employment Agreement between Jared Rowe and AutoWeb, Inc. dated April 12, 2018, incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.1 to the Current Report on Form 8-K filed with the SEC on April 18, 2018 (SEC File No. 001-34761).
 
 
Inducement Stock Option Award Agreement between Jared Rowe and AutoWeb, Inc. dated April 12, 2018, incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.2 to the Current Report on Form 8-K filed with the SEC on April 18, 2018 (SEC File No. 001-34761).
 
 
10.18■
Letter Agreement dated October 10, 2006 between Company and Glenn Fuller, as amended by Memorandum dated April 18, 2008, Memorandum dated as of December 8, 2008, and Memorandum dated as of March 1, 2009, incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.77 to the Annual Report on Form 10-K for the Year Ended December 31, 2008 filed with the SEC on March 13, 2009 (SEC File No. 000-22239); and as amended by Memorandum dated January 31, 2017, incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.13 to the Annual Report on Form 10-K for the Year Ended December 31, 2016 filed with the SEC on March 9, 2017 (SEC File No. 001-34761).
 
 
 
 
Second Amended and Restated Severance Benefits Agreement dated as of April 12, 2018 between Company and Glenn Fuller, incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.4 to the Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q filed with the SEC on May 10, 2018 (SEC File No. 001-34761).
 
 
10.20■*
Memorandum dated April 18, 2018 between Company and Glenn Fuller.
 
 
Offer of Employment between Joseph Hannan and Company dated November 21, 2018, incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.1 to the Current Report on Form 8-K filed with the SEC on December 17, 2018 (SEC File No. 001-34761).
 
 
Inducement Stock Option Award Agreement between Joseph Hannan and Company dated December 17, 2018, incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.2 to the Current Report on Form 8-K filed with the SEC on December 17, 2018 (SEC File No. 001-34761).
 
 
Severance Benefits Agreement between Joseph Hannan and Company dated December 17, 2018, incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.3 to the Current Report on Form 8-K filed with the SEC on December 17, 2018 (SEC File No. 001-34761).
 
 
Offer of Employment between Daniel Ingle and Company dated November 26, 2018, incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.1 to the Current Report on Form 8-K filed with the SEC on January 16, 2019 (SEC File No. 001-34761).
 
 
10.25■*
Inducement Stock Option Award Agreement dated as of January 16, 2019 between Daniel Ingle and Company.
 
 
10.26■*
Severance Benefits Agreement dated January 16, 2019 between Daniel Ingle and Company.
 
 
Offer of Employment dated as of October 2, 2018 between Company and Sara Partin, incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.1 to the Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the Quarterly Period ended September 30, 2018 filed with the SEC on November 8, 2018 (SEC File No. 001-34761).
 
 
Inducement Stock Option Award Agreement dated as of October 22, 2018 between Company and Sara Partin, incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.2 to the Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the Quarterly Period ended September 30, 2018 filed with the SEC on November 8, 2018 (SEC File No. 001-34761).
 
 
Severance Benefits Agreement dated October 22, 2018 between Company and Sara Partin, incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.4 to the Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the Quarterly Period ended September 30, 2018 filed with the SEC on November 8, 2018 (SEC File No. 001-34761).
 
 
10.30■*
Offer of Employment dated as of November 28, 2018 between Company and Timothy Branham.
 
 
10.31■*
Inducement Stock Option Award Agreement dated as of December 17, 2018 between Company and Timothy Branham.
 
 
10.32■*
Severance Benefits Agreement dated December 17, 2018 between Company and Timothy Branham.
   
 
10.33■
Letter Agreement dated August 6, 2004 between Company and Wesley Ozima, as amended by Memorandum dated March 1, 2009, incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.81 to the Annual Report on Form 10-K for the Year Ended December 31, 2008 filed with the SEC on March 13, 2009 (SEC File No. 000-22239); and as amended by Memorandums dated January 22, 2016 and January 31, 2017, incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.16 to the Annual Report on Form 10-K for the Year Ended December 31, 2016 filed with the SEC on March 9, 2017 (SEC File No. 001-34761).
 
 
10.34■
Amended and Restated Severance Agreement dated as of November 15, 2008 between Company and Wesley Ozima, incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.82 to the Annual Report on Form 10-K for the Year Ended December 31, 2008 filed with the SEC on March 13, 2009 (SEC File No. 000-22239); and as amended by Amendment No. 1 dated October 16, 2012, incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.74 to the Annual Report on Form 10-K for the Year Ended December 31, 2012 filed with the SEC on February 28, 2013 (SEC File No. 001-34761).
 
 
 
 
10.35■
Stock Option Award Agreement under the Autobytel Inc. 2000 Stock Option Plan, Stock Option Award Agreement under the Autobytel Inc. Amended and Restated 2001 Restricted Stock and Option Plan, and Stock Option Award Agreement under the Autobytel Inc. 2004 Restricted Stock and Option Plan each dated effective as of April 3, 2009 between Company and Jeffrey H. Coats, incorporated by reference to Exhibits 10.9210.93 and 10.94, respectively, to the Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the Quarterly Period ended June 30, 2009 filed with the SEC on July 24, 2009 (SEC File No. 000-22239); Employee Stock Option Award Agreement under the Amended and Restated AutoWeb, Inc. (formerly Autobytel Inc.) 2014 Equity Incentive Plan and Employee Stock Option Award Agreement under the Amended and Restated AutoWeb, Inc. (formerly Autobytel Inc.) 2014 Equity Incentive Plan, each dated as of January 21, 2016 between Company and Jeffrey H. Coats, incorporated by reference to Exhibits 10.2 and 10.3, respectively, to the Current Report on Form 8-K filed with the SEC January 27, 2016 (SEC File No. 001-34761).
 
 
10.36■
Second Amended and Restated Employment Agreement dated as of April 3, 2014 between Company and Jeffrey H. Coats, incorporated by reference to Exhibit 99.1 to the Current Report on Form 8-K filed with the SEC on April 8, 2014 (SEC File No. 001-34761); as amended by Amendment No. 1 dated January 21, 2016, incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.1 to the Current Report on Form 8-K filed with the SEC January 27, 2016 (SEC File No. 001-34761); and as amended by Amendment No. 2 dated September 21, 2016, incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.3 to the Form 8-K filed with the SEC on September 26, 2016 (SEC File No. 001-34761).
 
 
10.37■*
Separation and Release Agreement dated as of April 30, 2018 between Company and Jeffrey Coats.
 
 
Consulting Services Agreement between Jeffrey Coats and AutoWeb, Inc. dated April 13, 2018, incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.3 to the Current Report on Form 8-K filed with the SEC on April 18, 2018 (SEC File No. 001-34761).
 
 
Confidential Separation and Release Agreement dated as of June 1, 2018 between Company and Kimberly Boren, incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.5 on the Quarterly Period ended June 30, 2018 filed with the SEC on August 2, 2018 (SEC File No. 001-34761).
 
 
Consulting Services Agreement dated as of June 9, 2018 between Company and Kimberly Boren, incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.6 on the Quarterly Period ended June 30, 2018 filed with the SEC on August 2, 2018 (SEC File No. 001-34761).
 
 
10.41 
Fourth Amended and Restated Stockholder Agreement dated as of March 1, 2017, incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.1 to the Current Report on Form 8-K filed with the SEC on March 2, 2017 (SEC File No. 001-34761).
 
 
10.42
Loan Agreement dated as of February 26, 2013 by and between Company and Union Bank, N.A., a national banking association (“Loan Agreement”); as amended by First Amendment dated as of September 10, 2013 to Loan Agreement; as amended by Second Amendment dated as of January 13, 2014 to Loan Agreement, Security Agreement dated January 13, 2014, Commercial Promissory Note dated January 13, 2014 ($9,000,000 Term Loan), and Commercial Promissory Note dated January 13, 2014 ($8,000,000 Revolving Loan), incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.4 to the Current Report on Form 8-K filed with the SEC on January 14, 2014 (SEC File No. 001-34761); as amended by Third Amendment dated as of May 20, 2015 to Loan Agreement, Commercial Promissory Note dated May 20, 2015 ($15,000,000 Term Loan), and Commercial Promissory Note dated May 20, 2015 ($8,000,000 Revolving Loan), incorporated by reference to Exhibits 10.110.2 and 10.3 to the Current Report on Form 8-K filed with the SEC on May 27, 2015 (SEC File No. 001-34761); as amended by Fourth Amendment dated as of June 1, 2016 to Loan Agreement, incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.5 to the Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the Quarterly Period ended June 30, 2016 filed with the SEC on August 4, 2016 (SEC File No. 001-34761); as amended by Fifth Amendment dated as of June 28, 2017 to Loan Agreement and Commercial Promissory Note dated on June 28, 2017 ($8,000,000 Revolving Loan), incorporated by reference to Exhibits 10.2 and 10.3 to the Current Report on Form 8-K filed with the SEC on June 29, 2017 (SEC File No. 001-34761); and as amended by Sixth Amendment dated as of December 27, 2017 to Loan Agreement, incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.1 to the Current Report on Form 8-K filed with the SEC on December 27, 2017 (SEC File No. 001-34761).
 
 
 
 
10.43
 
Lease Agreement dated April 3, 1997 between The Provider Fund Partners, The Colton Company (n/k/a: GFE MacArthur Investments, LLC, as successor-in-interest to The Provider Fund Partners, The Colton Company) and the Company (“Irvine Lease”), as amended by Amendment No. 12 dated February 6, 2009 to Irvine Lease, Amendment No. 13 dated February 6, 2009 to Irvine Lease, and Amendment No. 14 to Irvine Lease dated November 9, 2010, incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.79 to the Annual Report on Form 10-K for the Year Ended December 31, 2011 filed with the SEC on March 1, 2012 (SEC File No. 001-34761); as amended by Amendment No. 15 dated October 31, 2012 to Irvine Lease, incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.69 to the Annual Report on Form 10-K for the Year Ended December 31, 2012 filed with the SEC on February 28, 2013 (SEC File No. 001-34761); as amended by Amendment No. 16 to Irvine Lease dated August 7, 2015, incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.32 to the Annual Report on Form 10-K filed with the SEC on March 10, 2016 (SEC File No. 001-34761); and as amended by Amendment No. 17 dated April 14, 2017 to the Irvine Lease dated April 3, 1997 between GFE MacArthur Investments, LLC, successor-in-interest to TFP Partners, and the Company, incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.3 to the Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q filed with the SEC on May 4, 2017 (SEC File No. 001-34761).
 
 
Lease Agreement dated December 9, 2015 between Rivergate Tower Owner, LLC and the Company, as amended by Amendment No. 1 dated November 21, 2016, incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.35 to the Annual Report on Form 10-K filed with the SEC on March 9, 2017 (SEC File No. 001-34761).
 
 
Contract for Lease and Deposit dated June 1, 2016 between AW GUA, Limitada, and Mertech, Sociedad Anonima, for office No. 1101, incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.33 to Annual Report on Form 10-K filed with the SEC on March 9, 2017 (SEC File No. 001-34761).
 
 
Contract for Lease and Deposit dated June 1, 2016 between AW GUA, Limitada, and Mertech, Sociedad Anonima, for office No. 1102, incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.34 to Annual Report on Form 10-K filed with the SEC on March 9, 2017 (SEC File No. 001-34761).
 
 
10.47‡
Master License and Services Agreement as of October 5, 2017 by and between AutoWeb and DealerX Partners, LLC, incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.1 to the Current Report on Form 8-K filed with the SEC on October 11, 2017 (SEC File No. 001-34761).
 
 
10.48‡
Stockholder Agreement dated as of October 5, 2017 by and between AutoWeb, DealerX Partners, LLC and Jeffrey Tognetti, incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.2 to the Current Report on Form 8-K filed with the SEC on October 11, 2017 (SEC File No. 001-34761).
 
 
10.49
 
Tax Benefit Preservation Plan Exemption Agreement and Irrevocable Proxy dated November 15, 2017 by and between AutoWeb, Piton Capital Partners LLC, a Delaware limited liability company (“Piton Capital”), and Piton Capital’s managing members, incorporated by reference to Exhibits 10.1 and 10.2, respectively, to the Current Report on Form 8-K filed with the SEC on November 17, 2017 (SEC File No. 001-34761).
 
 
10.50
Tax Benefit Preservation Plan Exemption Agreement and Irrevocable Proxies, effective as of November 30, 2018, by and between AutoWeb, Inc. and Daniel M. Negari, The 1 8 999 Trust, a trust organized under the laws of Nevada, Michael R. Ambrose, and The Insight Trust, a trust organized under the laws of Nevada, incorporated by reference to Exhibits 10.1, 10.2, 10.3, 10.4 and 10.5, respectively, to the Current Report on Form 8-K filed with the SEC on November 30, 2018 (SEC File No. 001-34761).
 
 
10.51‡
 
Transitional License and Linking Agreement, made as of January 1, 2017, by and among Internet Brands, Inc., a Delaware corporation, Car.com, Inc., a Delaware corporation, and the Company, incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.1 to the Current Report on Form 8-K filed with the SEC on January 6, 2017 (SEC File No. 001-34761).
 
 
10.52
Convertible Subordinated Promissory Note dated as of January 13, 2014 (Principal Amount $1,000,000.00) issued by Company to AutoNationDirect.com, Inc., a Delaware corporation, incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.1 to the Current Report on Form 8-K filed with the SEC on January 14, 2014 (SEC File No. 001-34761).
 
 
 
 
10.53
Warrant to Purchase 69,930 Shares of Company Common Stock dated as of January 13, 2014 issued by Company to AutoNationDirect.com, Inc., a Delaware corporation, incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.2 to the Current Report on Form 8-K filed with the SEC on January 14, 2014 (SEC File No. 001-34761).
 
 
10.54
Form of Warrant to Purchase Common Stock (on an as-converted basis following the conversion of Series B Junior Preferred Stock) dated as of October 1, 2015 issued by the Company to the persons listed on Schedule A thereto, which is incorporated herein by reference to Exhibit 10.1 to the Current Report on Form 8-K filed with the SEC on October 6, 2015 (SEC File No. 001-34761).
 
 
Subsidiaries of AutoWeb, Inc.
 
 
Consent of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm, Moss Adams LLP.
 
 
Power of Attorney (included in the signature page hereto).
 
 
Chief Executive Officer Section 302 Certification of Periodic Report dated March 7, 2019.
 
 
Chief Financial Officer Section 302 Certification of Periodic Report dated March 7, 2019.
 
 
Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer Section 906 Certification of Periodic Report dated March 7, 2019.
 
 
101.INS††
XBRL Instance Document
 
 
101.SCH††
XBRL Taxonomy Extension Schema Document
 
 
101.CAL††
XBRL Taxonomy Calculation Linkbase Document
 
 
101.DEF††
XBRL Taxonomy Extension Definition Document
 
 
101.LAB††
XBRL Taxonomy Label Linkbase Document
 
 
101.PRE††
XBRL Taxonomy Presentation Linkbase Document
 
 
*
Filed herewith.
 
 
Management Contract or Compensatory Plan or Arrangement.
 
 
 ‡
 
Certain schedules in this Exhibit have been omitted in accordance with Item 601(b)(2) of Regulation S-K. AutoWeb, Inc. will furnish supplementally a copy of any omitted schedule or exhibit to the Securities and Exchange Commission upon request; provided, however, that AutoWeb, Inc. may request confidential treatment pursuant to Rule 24b-2 of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, for any schedule or exhibit so furnished.
 
 
††
 
Furnished with this report.  In accordance with Rule 406T of Regulation S-T, the information in these exhibits shall not be deemed to be “filed” for purposes of Section 18 of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, or otherwise subject to liability under that section, and shall not be incorporated by reference into any registration statement or other document filed under the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, except as expressly set forth by specific reference in such filing. 
 
Item 16.
Form 10-K Summary
 
None
 
 
SIGNATURES
 
Pursuant to the requirements of Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned, thereunto duly authorized, on the 7th day of March, 2019.
 
 
AUTOWEB, INC.
 
 
 
 
 
 
By:
/s/ JARED R. ROWE
 
 
 
Jared R. Rowe
 
 
 
President, Chief Executive Officer and Director
 
 
 
POWER OF ATTORNEY
 
KNOW ALL PERSONS BY THESE PRESENTS, that each of AutoWeb, Inc., a Delaware corporation (“Company”), and the undersigned Directors and Officers of AutoWeb, Inc. hereby constitute and appoint Jared R. Rowe, Joseph P. Hannan or Glenn E. Fuller as the Company’s or such Director’s or Officer’s true and lawful attorneys-in-fact and agents, for the Company or such Director or Officer and in the Company’s or such Director’s or Officer’s name, place and stead, in any and all capacities, with full power to act alone, to sign any and all amendments to this report, and to file each such amendment to this report, with all exhibits thereto, and any and all documents in connection therewith, with the Securities and Exchange Commission, hereby granting unto said attorneys-in-fact and agents, and each of them, full power and authority to do and perform any and all acts and things requisite and necessary to be done in connection therewith, as fully to all intents and purposes as the Company or such Director or Officer might or could do in person, hereby ratifying and confirming all that said attorneys-in-fact and agents, or any of them may lawfully do or cause to be done by virtue hereof.
 
Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, this report has been signed below by the following persons on behalf of the registrant and in the capacities and on the dates indicated.
 
Signature
Title
Date
 
 
 
 
 
/s/ MICHAEL J. FUCHS
Michael J. Fuchs
Chairman of the Board and Director
March 7, 2019
 
 
 
 
 
/s/ JARED R. ROWE
Jared R. Rowe
President, Chief Executive Officer and Director
(Principal Executive Officer)
March 7, 2019
 
 
 
 
 
/s/ JOSEPH P. HANNAN
Joseph P. Hannan
Executive Vice President and Chief Financial Officer
(Principal Financial Officer)
March 7, 2019
 
 
 
 
 
/s/ WESLEY OZIMA
Wesley Ozima
Senior Vice President and Controller
(Principal Accounting Officer)
March 7, 2019
 
 
 
 
 
/s/ MICHAEL A. CARPENTER
Michael A. Carpenter
Director
March 7,2019
 
 
 
 
 
/s/ MATIAS DE TEZANOS
Matias de Tezanos
Director
March 7, 2019
 
 
 
 
 
/s/ CHAN GALBATO
Chan Galbato
Director
March 7, 2019
 
 
 
 
 
/s/ MARK N. KAPLAN
Mark N. Kaplan
Director
March 7, 2019
 
 
 
 
 
/s/ JANET M. THOMPSON
Janet M. Thompson
Director
March 7, 2019
 
 
 
 
 
/s/ JOSE VARGAS
Jose Vargas
Director
March 7, 2019
 
 
 
AUTOWEB, INC.
 
INDEX TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
 
 
 
 
Page
 
 
 
F-2
 
 
 
F-3
 
 
 
F-4
 
 
 
F-5
 
 
 
F-6
 
 
 
F-7
 
 
REPORT OF INDEPENDENT REGISTERED PUBLIC ACCOUNTING FIRM
 
To the Shareholders and the Board of Directors of
AutoWeb, Inc.
 
 
Opinion on the Financial Statements
 
We have audited the accompanying consolidated balance sheets of AutoWeb, Inc. (the “Company”) as of December 31, 2018 and 2017, the related consolidated statements of operations and comprehensive income (loss), stockholders’ equity, and cash flows for each of the three years in the period ended December 31, 2018, and the related notes and schedule (collectively referred to as the “consolidated financial statements”). In our opinion, the consolidated financial statements present fairly, in all material respects, the consolidated financial position of the Company as of December 31, 2018 and 2017, and the consolidated results of its operations and its cash flows for each of the three years in the period ended December 31, 2018, in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America.
 
Change in Accounting Principle
 
As discussed in Note 2 to the consolidated financial statements, in 2018 the Company changed its method of accounting for revenue recognition due to the adoption of Accounting Standards Codification Topic No. 606.
 
Basis for Opinion
 
These consolidated financial statements are the responsibility of the Company’s management. Our responsibility is to express an opinion on the Company’s consolidated financial statements based on our audits. We are a public accounting firm registered with the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States) (“PCAOB”) and are required to be independent with respect to the Company in accordance with the U.S. federal securities laws and the applicable rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission and the PCAOB.
 
We conducted our audits in accordance with the standards of the PCAOB. Those standards require that we plan and perform the audits to obtain reasonable assurance about whether the consolidated financial statements are free of material misstatement, whether due to error or fraud. The Company is not required to have, nor were we engaged to perform, an audit of its internal control over financial reporting. As part of our audits we are required to obtain an understanding of internal control over financial reporting but not for the purpose of expressing an opinion on the effectiveness of the Company’s internal control over financial reporting. Accordingly, we express no such opinion.
 
Our audits included performing procedures to assess the risks of material misstatement of the consolidated financial statements, whether due to error or fraud, and performing procedures to respond to those risks. Such procedures included examining, on a test basis, evidence regarding the amounts and disclosures in the consolidated financial statements. Our audits also included evaluating the accounting principles used and significant estimates made by management, as well as evaluating the overall presentation of the consolidated financial statements. We believe that our audits provide a reasonable basis for our opinion.
 
 
/s/ Moss Adams LLP
 
 
 
San Diego, California
 
March 7, 2019
 
 
 
We have served as the Company’s auditor since 2012.
 
 
AUTOWEB, INC.
 
CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS
(in thousands, except per-share and share data)
 
 
 
December 31,
2018
 
 
December 31,
2017
 
Assets
 
 
 
 
 
 
Current assets:
 
 
 
 
 
 
Cash and cash equivalents
 $13,600 
 $24,993 
Short-term investment
   
  254 
Accounts receivable, net of allowances for bad debts and customer credits of $566 and $892 at December 31, 2018 and 2017, respectively
  26,898 
  25,911 
Prepaid expenses and other current assets
  1,245 
  1,805 
Total current assets
  41,743 
  52,963 
Property and equipment, net
  3,181 
  4,311 
Investments
   
  100 
Intangible assets, net
  11,976 
  29,113 
Goodwill
   
  5,133 
Long-term deferred tax asset
   
  692 
Other assets
  516 
  601 
Total assets
 $57,416 
 $92,913 
 
    
    
Liabilities and Stockholders’ Equity
    
    
Current liabilities:
    
    
Accounts payable
 $10,908 
 $7,083 
Accrued employee-related benefits
  3,125 
  2,411 
Other accrued expenses and other current liabilities
  8,868 
  7,252 
Current convertible note payable
  1,000 
   
Total current liabilities
  23,901 
  16,746 
Convertible note payable
   
  1,000 
Borrowings under revolving credit facility
   
  8,000 
Total liabilities
  23,901 
  25,746 
Commitments and contingencies (Note 8)
    
    
Stockholders’ equity:
    
    
Preferred stock, $0.001 par value; 11,445,187 shares authorized
    
    
Series A Preferred stock, none issued and outstanding
   
   
Common stock, $0.001 par value; 55,000,000 shares authorized; 12,960,450 and 13,059,341 shares issued and outstanding at December 31, 2018 and 2017, respectively
  13 
  13 
Additional paid-in capital
  361,218 
  356,054 
Accumulated deficit
  (327,716)
  (288,900)
Total stockholders’ equity
  33,515 
  67,167 
Total liabilities and stockholders’ equity
 $57,416 
 $92,913 
 
The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements. 
 
AUTOWEB, INC.
 
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS AND COMPREHENSIVE INCOME (LOSS)
(in thousands, except per-share data)
 
 
 
Years Ended December 31,
 
 
 
2018
 
 
2017
 
 
2016
 
Revenues:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Lead fees
 $96,936 
 $107,045 
 $130,684 
Advertising
  28,169 
  34,142 
  24,508 
Other revenues
  484 
  938 
  1,492 
Total revenues
  125,589 
  142,125 
  156,684 
Cost of revenues
  101,315 
  99,352 
  98,771 
Cost of revenues – impairment
  9,014 
   
   
Gross profit
  15,260 
  42,773 
  57,913 
Operating expenses:
    
    
    
Sales and marketing
  12,419 
  14,315 
  18,118 
Technology support
  13,838 
  12,567 
  13,986 
General and administrative
  16,077 
  12,001 
  14,613 
Depreciation and amortization
  4,897 
  4,781 
  5,068 
Goodwill impairment
  5,133 
  37,688 
   
Long-lived asset impairment
  1,968 
   
   
Total operating expenses
  54,332 
  81,352 
  51,785 
Operating income (loss)
  (39,072)
  (38,579)
  6,128 
Interest and other income (expense), net
  250 
  (946)
  558 
Income (loss) before income tax provision
  (38,822)
  (39,525)
  6,686 
Income tax provision (benefit)
  (6)
  25,439 
  2,815 
Net income (loss) and comprehensive income (loss)
 $(38,816)
 $(64,964)
 $3,871 
 
    
    
    
Basic earnings (loss) per common share
 $(3.04)
 $(5.48)
 $0.36 
Diluted earnings (loss) per common share
 $(3.04)
 $(5.48)
 $0.29 
 
The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.
 
 
AUTOWEB, INC.
 
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY
(in thousands, except share data)
 
 
 
Common Stock
 
 
Preferred Stock
 
   
   
 
 
 
 
 
Number of Shares
 
 
Amount
 
 
Number of Shares  
 
 
Amount
 
 
Additional Paid-In-
Capital
 
 
Accumulated Deficit
 
 
Total
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
   
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Balance at December 31, 2015
  10,626,624 
 $11 
  168,007 
 $ 
 $342,485 
 $(234,295)
 $108,201 
Share-based compensation
   
   
   
   
  4,486 
   
  4,486 
Issuance of common stock upon exercise of stock options
  386,001 
   
   
   
  3,051 
   
  3,051 
Net income
   
   
   
   
   
  3,871 
  3,871 
Balance at December 31, 2016
  11,012,625 
  11 
  168,007 
   
  350,022 
  (230,424)
  119,609 
Share-based compensation
   
   
   
   
  4,106 
   
  4,106 
Issuance of common stock upon exercise of stock options
  248,344 
   
   
   
  1,355 
   
  1,355 
Issuance of restricted stock
  345,000 
   
   
   
   
   
   
Conversion of preferred shares
  1,680,070 
  2 
  (168,007)
   
  (2)
   
   
DealerX contingent consideration
   
   
   
   
  2,470